Read Revolution in the Revolution? Armed Struggle and Political Struggle in Latin America by Régis Debray Bobbye Ortiz Online

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Régis Debray studied at the École Normale Supérieure under Louis Althusser, becaming "agrégé de philosophie" in 1965. In the late 1960s he was a professor of philosophy at the University of Havana in Cuba, and became an associate of Che Guevara in Bolivia. He wrote the book Revolution in the Revolution?, which analysed the tactical & strategic doctrines then prevailingRégis Debray studied at the École Normale Supérieure under Louis Althusser, becaming "agrégé de philosophie" in 1965. In the late 1960s he was a professor of philosophy at the University of Havana in Cuba, and became an associate of Che Guevara in Bolivia. He wrote the book Revolution in the Revolution?, which analysed the tactical & strategic doctrines then prevailing among militant socialist movements in Latin America, & acted as a handbook for guerrilla warfare that supplemented Guevara's own manual on the subject. It was published by Maspero in Paris in 1967 & in the same year in New York (Monthly Review Press & Grove), Montevideo (Sandino), Milan (Feltrinelli) & Munich (Trikont). Guevara was captured in Bolivia early in 10/67; on 4/20/67, Debray had been arrested in the small town of Muyupampa, also in Bolivia. Convicted of having been part of Guevara's guerrilla group Debray on 11/17 was sentenced to 30 years in prison. He was released in 1970 after an international campaign for his release which included Jean-Paul Sartre, André Malraux, Général De Gaulle & Pope Paul VI....

Title : Revolution in the Revolution? Armed Struggle and Political Struggle in Latin America
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ISBN : 9780140209990
Format Type : Other Book
Number of Pages : 598 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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Revolution in the Revolution? Armed Struggle and Political Struggle in Latin America Reviews

  • مهند
    2018-12-01 11:04

    هذا الكتاب القيم قرأته منذ فترة طويلة وهو للصحفي والاديب والمفكر الاشتراكي الفرنسي ريجيه دوبريه،وكان في فترة الستينيات مراسلا في امريكا اللاتينية وقد عاصر الثورة الكوبية وبقية الثورات الاخرى هناك ومن خلال ذلك التواجد والخبرة انتج هذاالسفر الفكري المميز والذي اثرى الفكر اليساري من خلاله ... صحيح ان افكار وتحليلات دوبريه قد واجهت انتقادات فكرية وبخاصة من التيارات اليسارية وعلى الاخص الماركسية منها والتي كانت تشكل النسبة الكبرى منها اثناء التمدد الشيوعي في العالم الثالث،الا ان ذلك نتيجة طبيعية بسبب ثراء العقل الانساني وعدم توقفه عن نقطة ما تمثل منعطفا فكريا هاما او مراجعة لما حدث وبغية تقويم المرحلة القادمة،وعليه فأنني اذكر قد اطلعت على كتاب يمثل نقدا فكريا واضحا لبعض مفكري امريكا اللاتينية على دوبريه وما تضمنه كتابه الشهير هذا من اضافات فكرية في مرحلة هامة من النضال الاممي...اعتقد دوبريه ان التنظير الفكري للصراع الطبقي والسياسي لا يتوقف عند مدى فكري معين،وعلى سبيل المثال فأن ماركس وانجلز قد جعلوا الطبقة العمالية هي القائدة والمحور الرئيسي في التغيير البشري ،ولما جاء لينين لقيادة روسيا وشعوب الاتحاد السوفييتي فقد اضاف اليها طبقة الفلاحين التي تشكل الغالبية الساحقة من الشعب ولذلك سميت نظريته بالماركسية اللينينية،اما دوبريه فقد اضاف الى الثنائي ،العصابات الثورية والتي كانت تقود الكفاح المسلح في امريكا اللاتينية بأعتبارها طبقة جديدة توازي اهمية الطبقات الاخرى مع اخذ الاعتبار الظروف المحيطة بالقارة البعيدة...وهنالك ايضا مفكرون اخرون اضافوا طبقات اخرى مثل الطلاب بعد موجة الثورات الطلابية العالمية عام 1968...!قصة دوبريه مثيرة للغاية وقد اعتقل وعذب في بوليفيا عام 1967 وكان شابا يافعا حينها اثناء مرافقته لجيفارا الذي قتل في المعركة،وبقي دوبريه في السجن اربعة اعوام حتى اطلق سراحه بفضل التدخل الفرنسي...اصبح عام 1981 مستشارا رئاسيا لميتران بعد وصول الاشتراكيون للسلطة وقد اعترض الامريكان على ذلك بأعتباره عدوا محاربا سابقا لكن التطمين الفرنسي لهم ادى الى احتواء هذا الرفض...لدوبريه الكثير من الروايات والكتب الاخرى التي تدل على سعة افقه وتنوع نتاجاته التي هي جديرة بالقراءة والاهتمام والتحليل بغية الاستفادة منها في قراءة الوضع العالمي والمحلي الراهن...

  • Erik Graff
    2018-11-16 11:51

    I sat on this one several years before finally getting down to read it. Written when the author was in a Bolivian prison, Debray had spent some months with Ernesto "Che" Guevara's ill-fated little band prior to their capture by CIA-led local forces. Some of the book is about shared experience, but much of it, too much of it, is about the theory of organizing foci of armed guerillas throughout countries of the third world, primarily in Latin America--precisely the volunteeristic enterprise Che had failed to accomplish in Bolivia.I read this book while on breaks from working at the Mission of Our Lady of Mercy on Racine and Jackson in Chicago.

  • Alex T
    2018-12-07 12:04

    good stuff

  • Karlo Mikhail
    2018-11-26 07:57

    Taking the Cuban guerrilla war led by Fidel Castro and Che Guevarra as model, Regis Debray in Revolution in the Revolution? concludes that certain revolutonary practices have become obsolete in contemporary Latin American. He calls for a revolution in revolutionary practice.Debray rightfully attacks legalist "Marxist-Leninist" parties who cling to the illusions of empowering the masses exclusively through the parliamentary struggle, an arena dominated by the landed and monied elites.He rails against the strategy of armed self-defense, or the occupation and defense of a clearly defined territory by the revolutionary forces. A guerrilla force's strength of stealth and mobility becomes dissipated without a distinction between the armed revolutionaries and the rest of the population. The same reasons are deployed in Debray's argument against the establishment of fixed guerrilla bases, especially in the initial stages of the struggle.At the same time, Debray takes lengths to denigrate armed propaganda, patient ground working and political agitation among the peasant masses one-sidedly in favor of immediate and aggressive armed offensives that supposedly inspires the people to rise up:"The destruction of a troop transport truck or the public execution of a police torturer is a more effective propaganda for the local population than a hundred speeches. Such conduct convinces them of the essential: that the Revolution is on the march, that the enemy is no longer invulnerable." But while Debray's injunction for oppressed people to take up arms, basing the revolutionary leadership at the heart of the struggle in the countryside, and developing their forces from small to big, and criticisms against the dogmatic establishment of fixed bases or one-sided reliance on armed self-defense is laudable, these insights are weighed down on the other hand by an ultra-militarist stance. The people's army, for instance, should not be under the revolutionary party's control because it is for him in itself already the political, organizational, and ideological director and locus of the struggle. It would seem that Debray has a point when he argues that an urban political party's control over the guerrilla army is fraught with dangers ranging from risky meetings to lack of decisiveness. But the better alternative liquidating the party altogether is the basing of the political party's center of operations in the countryside itself, alongside the army.Painstaking mass work and building of organs of political power among the people is meanwhile relegated to the sides in favor of dashing armed exploits. Military operations, political organizing, and the waging of agrarian reform in controlled areas go together. Of course, guerrillas cannot win or even survive without a consolidated and organized people's movement behind it.Far from offering any revolution in revolutionary practice, it would come as no surprise that no armed struggle that took Debray's words to the letter only led to, as he himself put it, "a profusion of admirable sacrifices, of wasted heroism leading nowhere – that is, leading anywhere except to the conquest of political power."

  • Griffin
    2018-12-16 03:46

    This book discusses guerrilla warfare in 20th century Latin America, explaining theory on how tactics may be most effective for successful revolution. I found out about this book from an Isaacs/Kitroeff class. I know we're all pacifists, but it's an interesting critique of guerrilla warfare.

  • Ernest Hogan
    2018-11-29 11:51

    Provides an interesting contrast to the current world situation.

  • Nate Huston
    2018-11-21 08:03

    Want a run-down of the South American flavor of revolution ala Castro and Gueverra? Look no further.

  • pjr8888
    2018-12-11 04:44

    The task of every revolutionary is to create the revolution.