Read Eugenie Grandet by Honoré de Balzac Online

eugenie-grandet

Eugénie Grandet és la novel·la més cèlebre -i, per molts crítics, la millor- del conjunt monumental que constitueix la Comèdia humana de Balzac. El cèlebre escriptor presenta en aquestes pàgines el conflicte provocat per lenfrontament entre dues personalitats igualment fortes: Félix Grandet, un boter ric i posseït per lavarícia, i la seva filla única Eugénie, inspirada pelEugénie Grandet és la novel·la més cèlebre -i, per molts crítics, la millor- del conjunt monumental que constitueix la Comèdia humana de Balzac. El cèlebre escriptor presenta en aquestes pàgines el conflicte provocat per lenfrontament entre dues personalitats igualment fortes: Félix Grandet, un boter ric i posseït per lavarícia, i la seva filla única Eugénie, inspirada pels sentiments més purs i despresos. Dues famílies poderoses de la població assetjaran la jove Eugénie amb la intenció daconseguir un enllaç matrimonial econòmicament profitós. Però Eugénie no es mostra sensible a segons quina mena de raons. Novel·la damor i novel·la de reflexió sobre el poder del diner, Eugénie Grandet és també la història dun destí, en aparença gris i dolorós, que troba el seu acompliment en el rebuig de legoisme i el materialisme....

Title : Eugenie Grandet
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ISBN : 9788484373278
Format Type : Hardback
Number of Pages : 232 Pages
Status : Available For Download
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Eugenie Grandet Reviews

  • Florencia
    2019-01-17 07:35

    A tragedy in disguise.This story takes place in the town of Saumur. That is where Eugénie and her normal family live. Her father is a miserly former cooper who hides his fortune from her wife and daughter and forces them to live in an old and frozen house, which he doesn't want to repair because, well, money must be spent and that is exactly what he tries to avoid. Reading this novel made me chuckle several times because let's face it, we have all met a Felix Grandet in real life, at least once. A person who accumulates money simply to see its splendor on the table. He needs to know money is there so he can feel safe. He doesn't have a coat to cope with a freezing afternoon but he sure feels secure while contemplating a pile of money somewhere under his roof. The way those people think it is truly remarkable. They want to make a lot of money, they don't want to spend a dime and before they realize, their lives are over. They merely existed, for they have never lived. Unfortunately, they can't take their wealth to the grave — or wherever we go after we part from this world. If there is such a place. From a practical point of view, only the heirs might be grateful for that kind of life.Well, I don't know what I was talking about exactly, but it seems like a good time to say that Balzac described places, situations and characters to the last detail, dexterously escaping from tedium, most of the times. His vivid writing allowed me to feel as if I were there, living in an ancient house, sharing moments with poor Eugénie, chatting about how every man who approaches her has an agenda. For that is the other side of this story: people being around other people only to see what profit they might find, since life is a business transaction. Some young men were sent to visit Eugénie as to transmit their marriage proposals, because their families knew about her wealth. Naturally, such thoughtful and hypocrite maneuvers are not something that only appear in the upper class, just as real friendship might be found in every social sphere. In the end, Eugénie's kindness and noble spirit had to coexist with the avarice of her father, with the materialism of her world. Regardless of the selfish atmosphere in which she had to breathe, she learned that another source of happiness lies in the act of helping others.This wonderful novel discloses many interesting aspects of our nature. The impact of money on people and their relationships. The superficiality it often helps to attain. The constant search for love in a world of possessions.Prisoner, tell me[...]'I thought I could outdo everybody in the world in wealth and power, and I amassed in my own treasure-house the money due to my king. When sleep overcame me I lay upon the bed that was for my lord, and on waking up I found I was prisoner in my own treasure-house.'Gitanjali or Song Offerings: Introduced by W. B. Yeats, Rabindranath TagoreAug 18, 2013* Edited on March 2017** Also on my blog.

  • Ahmad Sharabiani
    2018-12-25 12:52

    921. Eugénie Grandet, Honoré de Balzacاوژنی گرانده یا عشق و خست - اونوره دو بالزاک (جاده ابریشم / سپیده، بامداد کتاب) ادبیات فرانسه؛ ناریخ نخستین خوانش: اول آوریل سال 1983 میلادیعنوان: اوژنی گرانده؛ نویسنده: اونوره دو بالزاک؛ مترجم: عبدالله توکل، تهران، زوار، 1328، در 232 ص؛ چاپ سوم 1345؛ در 222 ص؛ چاپ چهارم: تهران، سپهر: متین، 1351؛ در 303 ص؛ چاپ نهم 1371؛ چاپ دیگر: تهران، ناهید، 1386، در 272 ص؛ شابک: 9789646205741؛ موضوع: داستانهای نویسندگان فرانسوی - قرن 19 ممترجم: محسن سلیمانی؛ تهران، افق، 1388؛ در 399 ص؛ شابک: 9789643695934؛ چاپ چهارم 1392؛ پنجم 1393؛ مترجم: وحید منوچهری واحد؛ تهران، جامی، 1392؛ در 254 ص؛ شابک: 9786001760570؛ مترجم: فرهاد اسکندری؛ تهران، متن دیگر، 1395؛ در 312 ص؛ شابک: 9786009709410؛ در شهر سومور، باباگرانده ی سخت‌گیر، بشکه‌ ساز سابق، در پرتو سلسله‌ ای از سوداگریهای موفقیت‌ آمیز ثروتی اندوخته است. با خستی بی‌پروا و ددمنشانه ثروتش افزایش یافته، اوژنی دختری ست که زیبایی و روحی نجیب و لطیف دارد، و حرص و طمع دو خانواده بزرگ وابسته به بورژوازی شهر (یکی خانواده کروشو، و دیگری خانواده دگراسن) به امید ازدواج با این وارث بسیار توانگر باباگرانده، در پیرامون او معرکه‌ ای به راه انداخته اند. در همان شب زادروز اوژنی، خانواده ی گرانده، جشن محتصری برپا کرده،غفلتاً شارل گرانده، جوانی پاریسی که در میان تجمل و بطالت بزرگ شده، از راه می‌رسد. پدر این جوان که برادر باباگرانده بوده، به دنبال چهار میلیون فرانک ورشکستگی، مغز خود را با گلوله پریشان کرده است؛ خسیس پیر از مرگ او به وسیله ی نامه‌ ای آگاه می‌شود، که ضمن آن برادرش خواهش کرده، تا مواظب امور تسویه حساب اموالش باشد، و وسایلی برای پسرش فراهم آورد، تا او بتواند برای آزمون بخت خود، به هندوستان برود. طی روزهایی که این جوان مصیبت‌ زده، در خانه ی باباگرانده می‌گذراند، در دل اوژنی، عشقی ژرف به پسرعموی خویش پدید می‌آید، چنین می‌نماید که همین عشق حقیقی، در دل غمگین شارل نیز پدید آمده باشد. جوان رهسپار سفر می‌شود، اما پیش از عزیمت سوگند وفای جاودانی می‌خورد. این قسمت، که بخش نخست باشد، بهترین بخش کتاب است. قهرمانهای داستان برجستگی بسیاری دارند، رویدادها به هم درمی‌آمیزند، و گسترش می‌یابند. عشق اوژنی با چنان درجه‌ ای از باریک بینی و لطیف، تصویر می‌شود، که شاید خیال بالزاک هرگزی دیگر به آن پایه نرسیده باشد. باقی ماجرا چیزی جز نتیجه ی داستان و ادامه ی سرگذشت اوژنی نیست. سرگذشتی که تابع بخش نخست داستان نیز هست، و سیمای خسیس یعنی شخصیت پدر، که رفته رفته اهمیتی دهشتناک، پیدا می‌کند، و با او در تقابل است. پیرمرد آگاه می‌شود که دخترش، به هنگام عزیمت پسرعمویش، همه ی گنجینه کوچکش را به او داده است، و آنگاه دختر را در اتاقش زندانی می‌کند، و تا زمانی که مرگ همسرش را نزدیک ندیده، با او آشتی نمی‌کند. این آشتی هم در آن زمان، نوعی ترحم و نفع‌ پرستی خویش است. باباگرانده بیم دارد، که مبادا اوژنی در مقام مطالبه ی ارثیه‌ هایی، که به او می‌رسد، برآید. با این همه شارل از سرگذشت خود خبری نمی‌دهد، اما اوژنی به عشق رؤیایی خویش وفادار می‌ماند. باباگرانده که دیگر هشتاد ساله شده، به تدریج ثروت بی‌کرانش را به دست دخترش می‌سپارد. اکنون می‌تواند بمیرد (اینجاست که مشهورترین واقعه ی داستان روی می‌دهد، و شرح واقعه ی مرگ پیرمرد، قطعه‌ ای به وجود می‌آورد، که به راستی قطعه منتخبی برای جنگها می‌تواند باشد؛ پیرمرد بر لب گور، سرانجام تصمیم می‌گیرد که طلایی را که دارد به دست دخترش بسپارد، و با این همه در همان دم مرگ، به دخترش می‌گوید: «حساب همه چیز را در آن دنیا باید به من پس بدهی»).؛ اما در این گیرودار، پسرعمو که پس از زندگی پر زیر و بم، که تقریباً او را نیز شبیه عموی خویش کرده، و از پی زندگی ماجراجویانه اش، تازه ثروتمند شده، از سفر برمی‌گردد. دیگر یادی از دخترک شهرستانی را، که از ثروت بیکرانش نیز آگاه نیست، در دل ندارد، او به ازدواج متوسط مصلحت‌ جویانه‌ ای کشانده می‌شود. اوژنی، که همچنان عشق او را در دل دارد، قروض پدر شارل را (که پسرش به گردن نمی‌گیرد) می‌پردازد، سپس به عقد ازدواج یکی از خواستگاران دیرینش در شهر سومور درمی‌آید؛ به شرط آنکه در این ازدواج «رسم زفاف»؛ به جای آورده نشود. اوژنی در سی و شش سالگی بیوه می‌شود. زندگی‌ اش را در تنهایی به پایان می‌برد؛ و ثروت بیکرانش را وقف امور خیریه می‌کند. داستان اوژنی گرانده از فروغ توانای هنری بی‌همتا برخوردار است: شخصیت اوژنی و شخصیت پدرش، در میان همه ی سیماهایی که زاده ی قلم این نویسنده ی نابغه هستند، به حق از کامیاب‌ترین و پخته‌ ترین سیماها و شخصیتها شمرده می‌شوند. ا. شربیانی

  • Luís C.
    2018-12-20 06:59

    In the work Eugénie Grandet, Honoré de Balzac paints an eloquent portrait of nineteenth-century French society, as well as the prevailing materialism of the time.The story centers on the life of the Grandet family, circumscribed to the unreasonable avarice of their progenitor, who is characterized as an unscrupulous man and who values to the point of exhaustion the brilliance and tinkling of money, symbol of his social and financial ascent. The sobriety of Eugenia's father is such that he rations all the expenses of the house, causing the family to go through necessities.One day, however, a cousin from Eugenia arrives from Paris, who thinks of pleasing her cousin, since a relationship between the two would allow him to live in an open manner.The arrival of Carlos in the bosom of this family causes in Eugenia a feeling that, until then, did not know, motivated, particularly, by its refinement and good taste. Eugenia feels, therefore, the desire to please Carlos, which does not please her father.Meanwhile, Mr. Grandet receives a suicide note from his brother, who was in bankruptcy, where he asks his brother to take care of his nephew, who is unaware of the true reason for his presence at his uncle's house.The arrival of Carlos in the bosom of this family causes in Eugenia a feeling that, until then, did not know, motivated, particularly, by its refinement and good taste. Eugenia feels, therefore, the desire to please Carlos, which does not please her father.Still, Mr. Grandet receives a suicide note from his brother, who was in bankruptcy, where he asks his brother to take care of his nephew, who is unaware of the true reason for his presence at his uncle's house.Upon learning of his cousin's marriage, Eugenia marries a friend of her father. However, she becomes a widow a short time later and discovers that her husband was not the noble and honest person she thought.In broad strokes, the novel is an audacious picture of a materialistic society, which encloses man in a web of deception, obsession with money, and lack of ethics. However, as can be seen from the reading of this work, money can not buy everything or bring true happiness?

  • Chrissie
    2019-01-01 11:57

    Well, this book was kind of hard for me. I guess I liked it, but I would have certainly appreciated it more if I hadn't read others of Balzac's Comédie Humaine. I definitely liked Père Goriot, followed by Cousin Bette. Balzac belongs to the school of European Realism. He excellently draws French life of the first half of the 1800s. In detail. Every room and every face and every everything is described. Nothing wrong with that, but third time around I didn't get anything new. It was while writing this book that Balzac came up with the idea of the Comédie Humaine. In the book's second publication names were changed so characters here would appear again in other books. I liked Père Goriot best because more of the characters were of the less affluent classes. Aspiring characters or criminals or medical students or landlords …. In that book there are quite simply characters from many different walks of life. This book has fewer characters and there is one VERY central point being made. The emphasis here is the importance of m-o-n-e-y! You get nowhere without money. Bonds and currency and gold and how money makes money is a central theme. Bankruptcy versus liquidation. Avarice and greed and miserliness. Respectability is tied to money. It gives you power. It keeps you in control. It usually is tied to deception and cheating and bending of rules. Am I talking too much about the same thing? Well that IS what the book is about. OK, also about social mores and the rights of women versus men. Balzac clearly saw that women have two choices - marry or take the veil. Here, in this book, you have one of the lower class to observe, the miserly Felix Grandet's servant Nanon. The characters may be fully realized, but they remain caricatures! None of them really change. None of them learn from mistakes. Is a child destined to take after their mother, their father? Not much humor. One thing that bothers me quite a bit is that the book describes typical human rather than proferring a different path. It is classified as European realism. I cannot help but object and say not everybody behaves so. More could have been done to distinguish between provincial versus Parisian life. This would have added interest. I learned very little about Saumur, which is a beautiful town in the region of the Loire valley.The narration by Jonathan Fried was fine. Not bad or exceptionally good. I could hear all the words and the speed was fine too.I just cannot get terribly enthused by the book. Its message is so damn clear. There is not much left to think about. I mean if it had shown a possible way of escaping fate, of a battle to be overcome. Most people do not take up such battles. This is and remains a book of realism. It gives a description of a time and place.

  • Duane
    2019-01-13 07:00

    If you are to believe Balzac and Zola, how depressing life must have been in 19th century France. This book is titled for Eugenie, the daughter of the Grandet family, but it should have been titled "Grandet the Miser", because this was really his story, the story of Eugenie's father Felix. He was a miser that even surpasses Dickens Scrooge in his miserliness. You're thinking I didn't like this novel, but I did. Like Zola, Balzac establishes his characters so vividly you can't help but become interested. That's the case in this book with Felix and Eugenie. So real that you can feel the greed of the father and the suffering of the daughter. Beautifully written, the pages fly by as you need to learn the fates of these tragic characters.

  • Sheyda
    2019-01-16 07:41

    Having never read Balzac, I had no sense of how human and intimate this story would be. The delicacy of Balzac's descriptions of his heroine--the way in which he tries to capture, without judgment, her emotional universe--was really quite surprising and affecting. To be able to document the first blush of love felt by a provincial, perhaps rather small-minded, young woman with sensitivity and care is no simple task. This felt far more complex and thoughtful a treatment of that subject than anything I've read that was published in the past ten years--the supposed Golden Age of "young adult fiction featuring 'complex' heroines." Otherwise, the rather small scenes of private life in the country, clearly influenced by Austen and her working of that "little bit of Ivory," speak of much larger political, cultural, and social transformations in Restoration France. Not knowing much about French history, I suppose I had never really stopped to consider the cynicism and disappointment that attended the period after the fall of Napoleon. Witnessing the ways in which the Revolution scrambled political and social categories, then watching a Corsican military officer become Emperor, and, finally, seeing France humbled by the other Great Powers of Europe would really have been quite the mindf&@!, wouldn't it have been? And, Balzac's almost post-modern suspicion of and boredom with "Progress" and its effects on morality, the family, and the small town were surprising to me. All to say, this was a happy surprise. Now, onto Pere Goriot. Allons-y.

  • Megan Baxter
    2019-01-09 10:35

    Eugenie Grandet is a quiet tragedy. The eponymous character is the quiet and industrious daughter of a miser. His entire life is devoted to making more money, even faking a stutter to put other people off their guard in business transactions. Eugenie has known no other life - every day, she and her mother sit in their freezing sitting room (the fire can only be lit between November and April), mending and sewing. For her, this is not unusual, and she accepts at face value her father's complaints that they are poor and need to scrimp.Note: The rest of this review has been withdrawn due to the changes in Goodreads policy and enforcement. You can read why I came to this decision here.In the meantime, you can read the entire review at Smorgasbook

  • Alice Poon
    2019-01-08 09:57

    [Note: I read this novel in March/April 2013 and posted a review in my Asia Sentinel blog on April 12, 2013. I've just dug out the review from my files and am posting it here with some minor changes. Date: April 17, 2017.]What is a miser? The dictionary says it means either one of two types of persons: (1) one who lives very meagerly in order to hoard money; or (2) a greedy or avaricious person. I’ve lately read Honore de Balzac’s famous novel Eugenie Grandet and am impressed with the author’s perspicacious insight into the traits of misers.This is an excerpt from the novel that illustrates Balzac’s perception:-A miser’s life is a constant exercise of every human faculty in the service of his own personality. He considers only two feelings, vanity and self-interest; but as the achievement of his interest supplies to some extent a concrete and tangible tribute to his vanity, as it is a constant attestation of his real superiority, his vanity and the study of his advantage are two aspects of one passion – egotism. That is perhaps the reason for the amazing curiosity excited by misers skillfully presented upon the stage. Everyone has some link with these persons, who revolt all human feelings and yet epitomize them. Where is the man without ambition? And what ambition can be attained in our society without money?.......Like all misers he had a constant need to pit his wits against those of other men, to mulct them of their crowns by fair legal means. To get the better of others, was that not exercising power, giving oneself with each new victim the right to despise those weaklings of the earth who were unable to save themselves from being devoured? Oh! Has anyone properly understood the meaning of the lamb lying peacefully at God’s feet - that most touching symbol of all the victims of this world - and of their future, the symbol of which is suffering and weakness glorified? The miser lets the lamb grow fat, then he pens, kills, cooks, eats and despises it. Misers thrive on money and contempt.In the novel, Felix Grandet is depicted as the stingy, egotistic and mean-spirited money hoarder in suburban France, against a money-grubbing social backdrop with the rise of the bourgeoisie. He rations everyday food for his weak-minded wife, his only daughter Eugenie and his loyal house servant, and purposely keeps his house in shabby disrepair, while making immense fortunes secretively. He almost seems to derive sadistic pleasure in ruling his domestic household with an iron fist. The only two persons who have knowledge of his true worth are his lawyer and his banker. Knowing that these two are trying to get their respective nephew/son to win the hand of Eugenie, he plays one against the other to extract the greatest monetary advantage. He employs devious means to cheat and fleece his deceased brother’s creditors and insists on Eugenie breaking romantic ties with his own nephew Charles, who is left penniless by his deceased father’s bankruptcy. Charles is forced to go off to the Indies to find his fortune and Eugenie gives him all her gold coins that her father has given her over the years, to the miser’s furious dismay. When Charles comes back to France a rich man, having made his fortune from dealing in slaves, he forsakes Eugenie for a wealthy aristocrat, mistaken that the former is now poor. Eugenie, by nature a kind-hearted country girl, faces the music after having her heart broken by Charles and discovering her father’s base deeds. She becomes disgusted with the wealthy class as she learns about its hypocrisy and shallowness. Upon inheriting both her father’s and her husband’s fortunes (the husband being the lawyer’s nephew, who dies shortly after their loveless marriage), she chooses to live a modest and philanthropic life on her own terms.The novel makes one ponder on whether there is an effective cure for avarice and excessive materialism in our society of today.

  • Andrés Cabrera
    2018-12-19 10:52

    "La vida es un negocio", dice el padre a su hija. La vida, diría yo, es un negocio en el que los intereses están llamados a sepultarnos. Balzac ha tocado todas las fibras de una vida anodina, cualquiera, como es la mía. Violento relato. Con sabiduría profunda, Honoré de Balzac se permite evidenciar mediante un personaje monstruoso (Grandet padre), como diría Huxley, lo que implica el ideal burgués in extremis: desde la vida del tonelero Grandet, viejo avaro y despreciable que vive su vida en función de acumular riqueza sin siquiera disfrutar de las ventajas de la misma (más allá de sentir pasiones libidinosas al sentir oro y plata en sus manos), hasta la existencia de Eugenié, su hija, mujer destinada de manera inconsciente a reproducir un estilo de vida que repudia pero que la condiciona más allá del límite de sus fuerzas y las trampas propias de lo que sería su paso por el mundo de los vivos. En el mundo de Eugenié, las personas "funcionales" sólo mantienen relaciones instrumentales con sus pares: les interesa el dinero de aquellos, todas las ventajas que representan para sus vidas egoístas y mezquinas. Los otros, esos que nunca logran acomodarse del todo (que pueden resumirse a Nanón, la sirvienta y amiga de Eugenié, su marido y las otras dos ayudantes de la casa) a las peripecias de la instrumentalización del prójimo, viven sus vidas encerrados en la comedia del transcurrir de los días: se está para cumplir con un destino infame, con una sola posibilidad de vida que es absolutamente deleznable, pero que no deja escapatoria alguna. Debo decir que he quedado muy, pero muy complacido con esta obra. Intentaré conseguir pronto algo más de "La Comedia Humana", conjunto de casi todas las novelas de este francés que, en su afán literario, pretendía no menos que retratar la vida de la Francia del siglo XIX. Qué bella es la literatura. Qué bello es vivir para sentirse así luego de leer un libro.

  • Αλίκη
    2019-01-18 12:47

    Ένα μικρό και αρκετά γρήγορο βιβλίο, η Ευγενία Γκραντέ είναι ότι πρέπει για μια πρώτη εισαγωγή στην κλασσική γαλλική λογοτεχνία και συγκεκριμένα στον ρεαλισμό. Δεν κουράζει, έχει διαρκή εξέλιξη και μια μικρή ανατροπή στο τέλος. Μας γνωρίζει αναλυτικά τον χαρακτήρα του φιλάργυρου και μας δείχνει πού μπορεί να οδηγήσει μια τέτοια συμπεριφορά. Μας δείχνει όμως και τον ευγενή χαρακτήρα του φιλάνθρωπου, που βάζει τον άνθρωπο και την αξιοπρέπεια πάνω από τα πλούτη.Διαβάστε περισσότερα εδώ.

  • N.N. Light
    2018-12-21 12:54

    What a brilliant piece of writing. The detail used to describe each scene by Blazac paints a picture in your mind. I am reminded of Tolstoy’s War and Peace.The story of the saintly Eugenie trying to live under the thumb of her Miser father is pitiable but a solid read. The life of Monsieur Grandet and his love of gold above all else seems painfully apt in this early part of the 21st century.A classic that holds a place of reverence on my bookshelf.My Rating: 5 starsThis review first appeared: https://princessofthelight.wordpress.com

  • Elizabeth (Alaska)
    2019-01-06 05:50

    This was a delight! Eugenie is no conniving female, spoiled brat, or cynical woman of the world. Living in a small town in the wine region far from Paris, she is a sheltered girl, completely without artifice and eventually to become a very wealthy woman. She doesn't know that however. Her father is as miserly as they get. His only goal in life is to acquire further wealth, and yes, he loves to see and count his gold. Some of his financial shenanigans, as well as the currency references, went over my head, but I was able to get the gist of it. He was making money hand over fist. Enter, of course, competing eligible young men who could hope to make Eugenie their wife. And finally, the man she loves who hasn't a clue she is rich. I hope to read more Balzac.

  • Nhi Nguyễn
    2019-01-03 05:57

    “Eugénie Grandet” là cuốn tiểu thuyết nằm trong series những thiên tiểu thuyết ”Tấn trò đời” (”La Comédie Humaine”) của nhà văn người Pháp Honoré de Balzac. Và quả đúng như cái tên của series, “Eugénie Grandet” quả thật là một tấn trò đời với đủ mọi hỉ nộ ái ố, mọi nhân vật khác nhau. Chúng ta có ông Grandet keo kiệt, bủn xỉn, thông thạo những mánh kinh doanh nhưng cuối cùng lại để ma lực của đồng tiền chi phối suy nghĩ và cách hành xử của mình, trở thành nô lệ của vàng, đối xử với con gái mình là Eugénie không một chút thương yêu tình nghĩa thực sự. Chúng ta có Eugénie Grandet, thơ ngây, trong sáng, là con của một người đàn ông biết tính toán, thạo những mánh kiếm tiền nhưng cô lại không mảy may có chút kiến thức về tiền bạc và kinh doanh. Eugénie yêu đắm say người em họ của mình là Charles Grandet, yêu và chờ đợi anh bằng trọn vẹn con tim thiếu nữ thiết tha và thủy chung với mối tình đầu của mình, để rồi chính cô bị cuốn vào những dối trá, phản bội, những mưu cầu chức phận và tiền bạc của những người xung quanh. Chúng ta có Charles Grandet, cậu trai trẻ của chốn phồn hoa Paris đã quen được nuông chiều và sống trong nhung lụa. Charles yếu đuối, thiếu ý chí và một tình cảm vững bền dành cho cô chị họ - người đã hết lòng vì cậu - để có thể thắng lại những đam mê vật chất và địa vị hèn mọn vốn đã ngấm sẵn trong người cậu từ thuở trẻ trai.Chỉ trong vỏn vẹn hơn 300 trang sách (bản dịch tiếng Việt), Honoré de Balzac đã dựng nên một tấn tuồng mang đầy đủ mọi cung bậc cảm xúc và những bước rẽ ngoặt được tạo nên từ chính những nhân vật mải mê chạy theo tiếng gọi của những thứ tầm thường. Có những trường đoạn được dành trọn cho tình yêu, tình yêu lứa đôi tràn đầy hy vọng và những ước nguyện đẹp của Eugénie và Charles; có những trường đoạn hoàn toàn dành cho sự bóc tách một cách trần trụi, căm phẫn và đớn đau những thói đời bạc bẽo, những cái thối tha của xã hội Pháp những năm 1820s. Cuối cùng thì, người tội nghiệp nhất vẫn là Eugénie Grandet:”Bàn tay Ơgiêni băng bó những vết thương kín đáo của mọi gia đình. Nàng đi lên trời cùng với cả một đoàn việc thiện việc nghĩa. Tâm hồn cao cả của nàng làm cho những cái ti tiểu trong giáo dục và những lề thói bủn xỉn từ lúc tuổi thơ bớt ti tiện. Lịch sử của nàng là lịch sử của một người đàn bà sống giữa cõi trần, có khả năng tuyệt vời để làm vợ làm mẹ nhưng lại không chồng, không con, không thân thích.”Mình đọc bản dịch của NXB Văn hóa - Thông tin, phiên âm tên người và tên các địa danh tiếng Pháp, đọc vào buồn cười quá. Đến giờ chả biết cái “đạo Cải lương” trong bản dịch là đạo nào nữa… Rồi tên ông vua người ta là Henri IV thì phiên âm là Hăngri. Trong tiếng Pháp, “h” luôn là âm câm nhé, nên không có vụ đọc cái tên “Henri” là “Hăngri” đâu, mà phải là “Ăngri” mới đúng. Mình có học tiếng Pháp nên thấy phiên âm kiểu này khó chịu quá…P.S.: Cảm ơn em Nguyễn Linh Chi nhiều nhé vì đã tặng cuốn sách này cho chị ^^ Chị rất thích nó :D

  • AGamarra
    2018-12-30 11:39

    Pobre Eugenia, para mí su vida es la historia de una tragedia, no estoy seguro qué exactamente quiso expresar Balzac, si el aburrimiento de la vida provinciana y sus limitaciones, si la pureza de alma y sentimientos o si la cruel realidad de la vida al tener aspiraciones tan fantasiosas fundadas en tan poco sentimiento, o el desengaño lógico por admirar lo nuevo y hermoso por fuera.Hay varias cosas que me aburrieron un poco, primero pues que justo he terminado de leer "El judío de Malta" que también abordaba el tema de la Avaricia. Este tema, ahora que lo pienso bien ha inspirado a muchos autores para crear muchas obras sobre ello, en efecto, el Sr. Grandet un provinciano rico pero extremadamente avaro es retratado por Balzac de una forma prodigiosa y notable, pero que me aburrió por el hecho del tema tratado, un personaje tan avaro en todos sus actos, palabras y pensamientos llega a saturar.Por otro lado la descripción del entorno, ya dejado de un lado por Stendhal, en Balzac todavía persiste muy notable, así que conocemos exactamente la descripción de la casa de la sala o de la cara de cada uno de los personajes.Por puro gusto le pondría un 3 estrellas, pero desde luego la descripción de la ciudad, de los deseos y maquinaciones de la sociedad de Saumur hacen que lo considere de más alto valor, y por otro lado el personaje de Eugenia Grandet, joven muy devota e inocente (se parece a un personaje de un cuento mío) que parece nacida para sufrir y que no responde como en una "real novela" sino más bien parece hundirse en sus convicciones y las costumbres tan bien heredadas de su padre y de su madre tan sumisa y poco emprendedora.Ella como rica heredera ha sido puesta como gran objetivo de algunos jóvenes de la ciudad, entre ellos un hijo de la familia Grassins y un sobrino de los Cruchot. Luego vendrá un primo de Eugenia, el despreocupado Charles, parisino, cuyos encantos sorprenden de manera tan pueril a Eugenia.Es una historia entretenida a pesar de todo y creo que los caracteres están muy bien representados aunque a veces aburren pues no es una novela en la que los protagonistas den su vida digamos por cumplir sus más ardientes deseos.

  • Andrei Tamaş
    2018-12-22 05:42

    Ca subiect si ca nivel de abordare, se poate spune -la prima vedere- ca e o carte infantila. In schimb, critica profunda si exacta a moravurilor (in contrast cu frustrarea pe care am avut-o parcurgand paginile si aprofundandu-l tot mai mult pe "mos Grandet") face din "Eugenie Grandet" un roman obiectiv si educational de capatai.

  • Emma Deplores Goodreads Censorship
    2019-01-07 10:54

    Classics, we are told, are books that “stand the test of time” – that, even after the society that birthed them has passed away, continue to enthrall readers with their complex and relatable characters, their insight into universals of human nature, their artful command of language. I read Eugenie Grandet in translation, so I won’t attempt to pass judgment on its use of language (Raphael’s 1990 translation is acceptable though not impressive in its own right). But the characters, the conceptions of human nature: these represent the tropes and prejudices of Balzac’s own society, nothing universal or transcendent.This is a short book with a fairly simple story, though it is detailed and atmospheric enough so as not to require large amounts of plot. Felix Grandet is a miser, who makes large amounts of money through sometimes scurrilous means but refuses to use any of it for the comfort of his wife and daughter, Eugenie. When her city cousin Charles comes to visit for the first time, Eugenie falls immediately in love, but the corrupting influence of money threatens everything meaningful in her life.Unfortunately, the main characters are not particularly complex or interesting. Felix Grandet is “the miser,” and Balzac takes every opportunity to hold forth on the characteristics of all misers. I’m pretty sure I’ve never met a miser or even heard of a real-life one secondhand, if we define a miser as someone who hoards money for its own sake rather than saving for anything in particular and who refuses to spend even small amounts for their own or their family’s comfort. So this old-fashioned trope and Balzac’s “insights” into the character of misers fell flat for me. Eugenie is defined by another musty trope; she’s the angel in the house, that selfless, innocent, long-suffering 19th century woman. “In her honest simplicity she followed the promptings of her angelic nature,” Balzac tells us at one point. Like her father and the other characters, Eugenie is written as a character in a parable; they exist to fulfill specific roles in the story, and there’s no sense of depth beyond that.Meanwhile, Balzac’s indictment of misers is strange to my 21st century eyes. We are clearly supposed to feel bad for Eugenie because she’s required to eat simple foods and use footwarmers rather than having a fire in the spring and fall, even when this lifestyle is credited for her robust good health. Wow, how awful? But Eugenie and her mother (who does legitimately suffer from Felix’s behavior) are portrayed as the only people of moral character in the book, which makes it appear that Balzac is speaking out of both sides of his mouth on this issue. On the one hand, Felix is morally repugnant for refusing to “live up to his income” (that 19th century virtue) and provide his family the luxuries they can afford, but on the other hand, his refusal to do so is a recipe for producing the ideal woman, an angelic figure absent from the households of the Grandets’ moneyed acquaintances. Admittedly, this is complicated somewhat as (view spoiler)[Eugenie grows older and picks up some of her father’s traits, but that only happens after she remains single and at home long past the prescribed age, suggesting that marrying as a young woman should might have allowed her to continue unspoiled. And she continues to live for religion and devote her money to charity, even while she is unhappy. (hide spoiler)]Either way, Balzac brings a boatload of gender-based generalizations to the table, which he is eager to share with the reader. For instance:“All women, even the most stupid, can use wiles to attain their ends.” (60)“Is it not the noble destiny of women to be more touched by the trappings of poverty than by the splendours of wealth?” (63)“Pity is one of the qualities in which women are sublimely superior; it is the only one that they are willing to reveal, the only one they will forgive men for allowing them a greater share of.” (90)“Women have in common with angels the special care of suffering beings.” (93)“A woman’s mistakes nearly always stem for her belief in good news or from her confidence in truth.” (109)“In every situation, women have more cause for grief than men and suffer more.” (134)To my amusement, the writer of the scholarly introduction (which, as usual, you shouldn’t read before the book unless you want to be spoiled) shares many of these complaints. “Much of the contrast [between Eugenie and her father] is best skated over – Eugenie is written in the imagery of the ‘angelic’ and the painfully embarrassing analogies with Raphael’s madonnas and so on,” he writes. And, “There is much tiresome rhetoric about it being in the nature of women to show ‘angelic patience’ in the face of misfortune.” And, “This is the dimension of Balzac’s manner which tends to turn his novels into machines for spewing out generalizations, maxims, quasi-proverbial utterances on virtually every conceivable subject . . . many of them are false or just inadequate to the complexity of experience.” Indeed.The introduction writer then attempts to defend Balzac by pointing out his use of chiasmus and antithesis, and perhaps if you are the sort of literary reader more interested in techniques and symbolism than characterization, insight or wisdom, you might find much to enjoy in this book. As for me, I found little to appreciate and much cause to question its status as a classic, though I did learn a bit about Balzac’s society from it.

  • MJ Nicholls
    2018-12-26 08:56

    A heartclenching pain-turner of a classic, a perfect manifesto for choosing love over money. The French do desolation and hopelessness so well! Must be the heat. In certain respects, Eugénie gets off lightly. She steals a kiss with her cousin before her bastard father packs him off to the Indies to get rich off slave plantations, and stays a virgin her whole life for that one moment of stolen love. Nowadays, anyone marrying their cousin would be hounded out the hamlet, Daily Mails flung at their backs, ruined forever in their hometowns. The relationship would buckle under the weight of this shame, and the couple would fall apart, doomed to shoot smack in tower blocks to numb the pain. Having said that, I have been sleeping with my sister on and off since I was thirteen, and no one’s ever ostracised me. Huh! Strange world! The novel is excellent, though takes thirty-odd pages to properly kick into gear.

  • Steven
    2018-12-21 08:46

    "...Other women bow their heads and suffer in silence; they go their way dying, resigned, weeping, forgiving, praying, and recollecting, till they draw their last breath. This is love, — true love, the love of angels, the proud love which lives upon its anguish and dies of it." (220)Poignant in true Balzacian style, Eugénie Grandet tells the story of a family headed by a cold-hearted miser, who amasses fortunes while living as if he were poor. Selfishness runs through the book, and the society which it describes, like a plague—even love cannot escape it.

  • Anastasia
    2019-01-09 06:56

    This book really made me sad. The whole time I was reading it, I was sad and angry. Sad because both Eugenie and her mother were victims of monsieur Grandet's insanity and angry because monsieur Grandet (and Charles, and pretty much everyone else besides Eugenie) lives and breathes his money. It's irritating, infuriating even. I understand that Balzac portraied the image of the fucked up society of those times, but the story is just plain boring and irritating. Again. Sorry.

  • Yani
    2019-01-19 13:52

    Si tuviera que definir en pocas palabras a este libro, usaría una frase bastante trillada pero no menos comunicativa:es más liviano que el aire.Tiene su razón de ser, porque era una novela que se publicaba por entregas y que, por supuesto, necesitaba mantener en vilo al lector para que la “comprara” (en varios sentidos de la palabra) completa. Y la verdad es que resulta. Cuando creía que podía ser una mala elección para estas alturas del año, en donde las neuronas quieren tomarse vacaciones, terminé afirmando que no podría haber elegido mejor.Eugenia Grandet(1833) es una novela ágil, con intrigas amorosas y financieras y personajes odiosos y adorables. Los Grandet son una familia francesa provinciana cuyo patriarca, Félix Grandet, es un viejo avaro que finge frente a los demás que no tiene ni una moneda para gastar. Imaginen a un hombre que en su despacho (y sólo él puede entrar ahí, obviamente) saca cuentas y repasa todo el tiempo la enormidad de una fortuna compuesta por herencias (incluso las de la familia de su esposa), ganancias de la producción de vinos y varias especulaciones. Y ahora imaginen a ese mismo hombre advirtiendo a su esposa y a su hija, quien le da título a esta historia, que no se puede encender ni el fuego ni las bujías en invierno salvo cuando él lo permita, con la finalidad de “ahorrar”. Ni la señora ni la hija se quejan porque las mantiene sumisas e ignorantes de todo lo referente al manejo del dinero. Lo único que ellas deben hacer es cuidar la casa y cumplir con sus labores de cristianas. Por supuesto, todas las familias con hijos varones quieren casarlos con la heredera, ya que la fortuna de Grandet es un secreto a voces. Des Grassins y Crouchot son dos de las familias en disputa, pero también saben que tienen a un competidor aventajado: el primo parisino de Eugénie, Charles Grandet. Y éste, que tiene una forma de ser que en las provincias causa admiración por el refinamiento que conlleva, no le será indiferente a Eugénie. Con una capacidad única para construir caracteres y para describir escenarios (y creo que enPapá Goriottambién lo destaqué), Balzac convierte en una historia muy atrapante un evento que se extiende por años, que muestra una familia que se va enriqueciendo y extinguiendo al mismo tiempo por la codicia del jefe de la casa. Podría ser un vecino, un conocido, un amigo. Por supuesto, los personajes femeninos, incluida Nanon, la criada, no ven ni siquiera la parte más mínima de la fortuna que guarda Grandet. El conflicto está en la prohibición del uso y en la impunidad con la que Grandet prioriza el oro antes de las relaciones interpersonales. Ni su hija ni su esposa ni su sobrino merecen más atención que sus negocios. Es un personaje repugnante. El conflicto se desata cuando Eugénie hace un uso muy noble (pero absolutamente ingenuo) de unos ahorros que son suyos y que el padre revisa todos los años para controlar que sigan intactos y/o que se hayan acrecentado. Ahí está la tensión. Supongo que es una buena novela para entender un poco el manejo del dinero que tenían las mujeres al principio del siglo XIX (a fin de cuentas, es una novela realista), aunque Grandet es tan asquerosamente tacaño que no me sorprendería que haya sido mucho más libre que lo que este hombre permitía. Pero también hay una historia de amor muy tierna, coninsta loveincluido, casi de novela, que protagoniza Eugénie. Por suerte no todo es color rosa, así que imaginen quién va a sufrir. Al principio me costó creer lo inocente que era Eugénie, pero después lo confirmé. Es extraordinaria incluso con los defectos que son consecuencias de un padre que la mantiene ajena al mundo y de una madre que no es lo suficientemente avispada como para cambiar esa situación. Y a raíz del conflicto su carácter da un giro bastante bueno que hizo que me agradara mucho más, sobre todo en el final. Resumiendo: es una heroína para tener en consideración. El centro de sus atenciones también lleva estereotipos a cuestas. Estas clases de cosas se revelan cuando Balzac expone los pensamientos de X personaje, así que siempre hay una pauta marcada de conducta. El problema es que no deja mucho lugar ni a la intriga ni a la interpretación del lector. Otra pequeña objeción que tengo que hacerle al libro es el uso de “jerga” de economía. A veces se hace difícil seguir la novela cuando Grandet y sus secuaces empiezan a hablar de escudos, francos, títulos, liquidadores, deudas y demás. La intriga principal está en ese berenjenal de discursos técnicos que Balzac intenta explicar lo mejor posible y le agradezco la atención (de hecho, preferiría que no explicara nada), pero no es algo que me entusiasme a la hora de leer. De todas formas,Eugenia Grandetes un lectura híper agradable, con personajes extremos y con un argumento que tal vez no sea el más original del mundo, pero que presenta particularidades gracias al genio de Balzac.

  • Flocosix
    2019-01-19 09:51

    Another worthless, boring, classic with all the shittiness of the classics and much more! It's a long-long story about an obsessed with money, pathetic old man, that thinks wealth is more important than l-i-t-e-r-a-l-l-y anything, and plans to accumulate more and more money until the day he dies, even though he's old and rich already, and he doesn't even care about his offspring, and it's all incredibly pointless. Basically all you'll read about is this. The book contains few "side-stories" which are all extremely, immensely, unbearably boring and banal by themselves and are used only to show that the old guy is a cunning dick. It's literally all about the old guy being a dick - that's the whole point of the book. He's a dick. Okay? Dick. Get it? DICK. I hoped that the author had thought he'd made his point at some stage in the book, but no, it just kept reiterating(through incredibly, utterly boring stories) - "this guy is a dick, this guy is a dick, THIS GUY IS A DICK",(No.Fucking. Way.) demonstrating his amazing, extremely unimpressive cleverness and dickiness from the beginning till the page I've finally dropped the book. I have no idea, whatsoever, why anyone would read a whole book about an old guy being a dick, and can't even start listing why it's a piece of crap. That would take, way too much time. This is, by far, the worst book I've ever read.

  • Elena T.
    2019-01-14 10:01

    Letto praticamente in contemporanea con “Anna delle Cinque Città” di Bennett, “Eugenie Grandet”, è una perla di romanzo - che nasce un po’ con l’intento che darà poi ispirazione anche al realista inglese, ovvero ritrarre con occhio disincantato scene della vita di provincia, al fine di tratteggiare i contorni degli aspetti più sconosciuti del proprio paese. Non più solo grandi città e mondanità tout à l’heure, ma anche e soprattutto ignoranza e grandi divergenze sociali. Deliziosa Eugenie, ben tratteggiato Papa Grandet con i suoi grandi difetti di burbero avaro. Senza dubbio è una lettura obbligata, e di lucida perfezione, per chi desidera avvicinarsi ai classici del romanzo realista. Prezioso davvero.

  • Cristina
    2018-12-25 09:35

    Me da la impresión de que si pudiera tomarme una píldora mágica que tras un sueño repentino permitiera despertarme en un pueblo francés del XIX, lo que me encontraría sería exactamente lo que describe Balzac en Eugénie Grandet.Lo deprimente del caso es que más de 150 años después de la publicación de la novela prácticamente nada haya cambiado:- el afán por la acumulación de dinero sigue siendo la máxima que rige nuestra sociedad enferma.- el matrimonio no deja de ser un objetivo vital para muchas mujeres y la boda de cuento de hadas su sueño más anhelado. - los roles sociales de hombres y mujeres se perpetúan, a pesar de la existencia, es cierto, de ligerísimos cambios.

  • Roya
    2018-12-24 10:36

    همه ش حس می کردم دارم نمایشنامه می خونم، و البته این حسم با خوندن پیشگفتار مترجم هم تقویت شد که رمان رو به تراژدی های کلاسیک تشبیه کرده بود و باباگرانده رو به شخصیت هایی مثل اتللو و مکبث. که کاملاً تشبیه به جاییه... درست مثل اتللو و مکبث باباگرانده از اون شخصیت های نفرت انگیزیه که آدم نمی تونه نفرت ش رو به دل بگیره و تا آخر عمر باید مثل اوژنی تنها رنج بکشه و دم نزنهو همین جا لازم می دونم از مترجم باسواد کتاب هم تشکر کنم که کلی کلمه ی جدید و جالب فارسی (شهیق و زفیر از همه بهتر بودن :دی) به من آموخت، و زیرنویس هاش هم کاملاً به جا و مفید بودن

  • Shelley
    2019-01-08 11:56

    Since I had to spend hours sitting in the doctor's office this morning with my daughter, I took my kindle and got caught up in this story. Talk about a love story full of intrigue and backstabbing and heartache.Eugenie is a lovely girl with an awful father. He was a cask maker in a town that depended on the vineyards for survival. From cask maker he progressed up society's ladder and soon was a wealthy man. His big problem was he was so tight with his money. His wife had brought money into the marriage with her but he controlled that completely as well, giving his wife a few coins each month. She turns to religion and her daughter for happiness and fulfillment in life. He is SO cheap that he only allows one candle to be lit at night and forbids a fire to be lit from April to October. He gives Eugenie a rare gold coin on her birthday and religious holidays but makes her put them up and every time he gives her one she must show him all the coins so he can gloat about how much she has that he actually controlsTwo families are vying for Eugenie's hand in marriage but she seems to not care about either young man. One night Eugenie's cousin appears with a letter from his father. His father has decided to kill himself and has sent his son to his brother to be cared for during this time. Charles' father was bankrupt and his brother considered him to be a shame on the family and refused to help him get out of debt. Charles and Eugenie fall in love and Charles leaves to make his fortune back so he can come back to her. She gives him all the gold coins she has and he gives her pictures of his parents to keep until he returns as a pledge. Years pass and she does not hear from him. She finally hears that he has married. In the meantime, her own mother has died and her father, while worried that she would take her mother's money and leave (something that was made possible by her mother) also passes away, leaving Eugenie quite wealthy. One of the men who had courted her in the past asks her again to marry him and she agrees on two terms. 1- he will never try to sleep with her and 2- he will go and pay off ALL of her uncle's debts. He agrees to both in hopes of outliving her and getting her money. It is not long until he dies.Eugenie lives very frugally like her father. I think it is because that is all she knew. She did what she was raised doing. The DIFFERENCE between Eugenie and her father was that she was generous with her wealth. She donated money to good causes and helped people with her wealth. She did not hoard it and try to control people with it.Great story and I am so glad I found it. I can't believe I did not ever read Balzac before today. I was so pleasantly surprised and look forward to reading more of his books.

  • Cris
    2018-12-30 11:54

    El estilo narrativo del autor nos acerca, como desde detrás de una lupa, a una familia de provincias francesa cuyo padre lleva la figura del avaro hasta unos límites grotescos. El resto de los habitantes de su humilde casa (su esposa, su hija y su criada) viven al son de sus prohibiciones y limitaciones desde que sale el sol hasta que se pone, desconocedoras de que en realidad el tío Grandet guarda más millones de los que podría gastar. Tras una breve introducción, la llegada de su sobrino desde París sirve como punto de partida a la historia. Enviado por un padre en la ruina, pondrá patas arriba la rutina de la casa, causando revuelo con sus curiosas costumbres y sus lujosas pertenencias y despertando un amor apasionado en Eugenia, la hija de Grandet. Esta, que hasta ahora no había encontrado motivos para poner en duda a su padre, empezará a cuestionarse la situación de la familia y los negocios del tonelero desde una perspectiva nueva.Aunque el personaje de Eugenia cobra cada vez más fuerza a medida que avanza la narración (al principio casi no reparamos en ella, solo un elemento más del decorado), el protagonista indiscutible durante la mayor parte de la acción es el mismo Grandet, del que Balzac nos hace un retrato milimétrico. Domina el arte de tirar de los hilos de cualquier conversación para llevarla por el camino adecuado y es un actor genial que sabe esconder su verdadero semblante hasta que está a salvo tras la puerta cerrada con llave de su almacén. Una de las escenas más destacables que nos brinda su hosco carácter es, en mi opinión, aquella en la que pierde totalmente el control al descubrir que su hija ha empezado a desarrollar algunas ideas propias que se alejan de su interés.Reseña completa y mi versión de la portada en https://sidumbledorefueralibrero.com/...

  • Bettie☯
    2019-01-04 07:00

    (view spoiler)[Bettie's Books (hide spoiler)]

  • Esma Tezgi
    2018-12-25 09:48

    Eugénie Grandet, insanın hem habis, cimri yönlerini hemde en saf hallerini bir arada okura sunan bir eser. Okurken iki zıt tutumla da karşılaşıyorsunuz. Grandet, çok zengin ama bir o kadarda cimri bir fıçıcıdır. Kitapta bir yandan Grandet Baba'nın servetini nasıl elde ettiğini ve koruduğunu okurken, bir yandan da kızının masum aşkına ve saf duygularına tanıklık ediyoruz. Kitabı okurken karakterler sizi sık sık şaşırtıyor ve cimriliğin, kötü duyguların insanlarda yol açtığı tahribatı size gösteriyorlar, inanmak istemeseniz de okuduklarınızın gerçek olma ihtimalinin yüksekliği kan dondurucu bir etkiye sahip.Eugénie Grandet, iyi ve kötüyü insana aynı anda sunan, insanlığın çeşitli hallerini size gösteren ve okurken hem öğreten, hem düşündüren güzel bir kitap. Klasiklerden hoşlanıyorsanız mutlaka seveceğiniz bir kitap.

  • Justin Evans
    2019-01-13 08:46

    I read this after a long, unfulfilling, opaque, modernist novel. Suffice to say, my palate is cleansed. As ever, Balzac, despite the fact that he couldn't write a decent sentence if you gave him a copy of Gide's collected works and told him you didn't mind if he plagiarized one, holds your attention by exaggerating everything to absurd dimensions, including his sense of his own importance. You want to know what capitalism looks like? It looks like this. Grandet makes Scrooge look like some soft-hearted dandy's version of greed. ***"Misers hold no belief in a life beyond the grave, the present is all in all to them. This thought throws a pitilessly clear light upon the irreligious times in which we live, for today more than in any previous era money is the force behind the law, politically and socially. Books and institutions, the actions of men and their doctrines, all combine to undermine the belief in a future life upon which the fabric of society has been built for eighteen hundred years. The grave holds few terrors for us now, is little feared as a transition stage upon man's journey. That future which once awaited us beyond the Requiem has been transported into the present. To reach per fas et nefas an early paradise of luxury and vanity and pleasure, to turn one's heart to stone and mortify the flesh for the sake of fleeting enjoyment of earthly treasure, as saints once suffered martyrdom in the hope of eternal bliss, is now the popular ambition! It is an ambition stamped on our age and seen in everything, even the very laws whose enaction requires the legislator to exercise not his critical faculty, but his power of producing money. Not 'What do you think?' but 'What can you pay?' is the question he is asked now. When the doctrine has been handed down from the bourgeoisie to the people, what will become of our country?"

  • Sandra
    2018-12-19 11:39

    “Gli avari non credono nella vita futura, poiché per essi il presente è tutto, e questo stesso concetto diffonde una luce orribile sul mondo odierno, ove più che mai il denaro domina leggi, politica e costumi. Istituzioni, libri, uomini e dottrina cospirano insieme a scuotere la fede in un’altra vita, fede su cui da diciotto secoli si basa l’edifizio sociale...”Dopo “illusioni perdute”, un altro romanzo balzachiano in cui i protagonisti, al termine delle vicende narrate, si ritrovano senza illusioni. E’ la società scaltra e avida che porta a questo risultato, ci dice Balzac. Scaltra e avida come papà Grandet, un odioso personaggio più avaro del protagonista dell’omonima opera di Moliere, l’unico che nel corso della storia rimane sempre uguale a sé stesso, avido, despota con la moglie e la figlia, incapace di sentimenti veri, tanto da arrivare a dire alla figlia Eugenie, sul letto di morte, di amministrare bene il patrimonio che le lascia perché gliene chiederà conto nell’aldilà.“Il cristianesimo è la religione degli avari” dice Balzac.Eugenie invece vive la sua illusione d’amore, crede nella forza e nella bontà dei sentimenti, per nulla interessata al denaro paterno. Purtroppo la vita la costringerà a perdere l’illusione che la anima, obbligandola ad una esistenza scialba e incolore come la casa paterna di Saumur, in attesa della felicità che solo fede religiosa promette e mantiene.Due figure “universali” magistralmente disegnate dalla penna di Balzac.