Read Gulliveri reisid (Eesti Päevalehe romaaniklassika; #20) by Jonathan Swift Leo Anvelt Online


Laevaarst Lemuel Gulliver jutustab oma loo laevahukust, mille tagajärjel ta sattus Liliputimaale. Sel saarel on asunikud kuue jala asemel kuus tolli pikad ning nende teod, vaidlused ja võitlused näivad ülimalt naeruväärsed....

Title : Gulliveri reisid (Eesti Päevalehe romaaniklassika; #20)
Author :
Rating :
ISBN : 9788498198799
Format Type : Hardcover
Number of Pages : 224 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

Gulliveri reisid (Eesti Päevalehe romaaniklassika; #20) Reviews

  • Stephen
    2019-04-07 15:30

    Let’s face it….Jonathan Swift was a snarky, snarky bitch. Gulliver’s Travels is like a giantpimp slap across the human race face and I am so glad I finally read this in a non-school, non-structured environment because I had a whole lot more fun with it this time around. Swift’s wit, insight and delivery are often, though not always, remarkable and he crams more well thought out jabs and toe-steppings in this slim 250 page novel than I would have thought possible in a work twice this long.   This is certainly a classic that I believe people should read and experience for themselves outside of any required scholarly endeavors because I think that many of the ills, injustices and idiocies that Swift addresses in this novel are still, unfortunately, very relevant today. While Swift is short on resolutions or ideas for improvement (one of my disappointments) he does a marvelous job of exposing the problems that he perceived as existing within the 18th Century world, most particularly England, and opening the door for a more expansive, popular discussion on these issues.Kudos for that, Mr Swift.  From a plot perspective, Gulliver’s Travels is a series of adventures by Lemuel Gulliver to various undiscovered, fictional worlds that act as a backdrop for Swift, through his main character/mouthpiece, to scathe, rebuke, poke fun at and/or question all manner of political, religious  and social institutions, philosophies and groups. Everything from blind adherence to political ideologies or religious dogma, to ideological intolerance, to arbitrary social divisions and even the non-practical aspects of the rampant scientific explorations so in vogue at the time. Few groups were spared from Swift's caustic lens and many of his attacks are vehement bordering on brutal. Good. That is how such a work should be IMHO.  Overall, I thought this was very worthwhile and many of Swift’s commentaries were piercing,  brilliant and exceptionally well done. Some of my personal favorites include:  ** Parodying the massive waste of energy and resources expended in political infighting in Great Britain between the Whigs and Tories by having the two Lilliputian political parties separated solely by the aesthetic choice between wearing high heels and low heels. I can only imagine how this parody played out among the MP of England at the time.  ** Making light of the tremendous importance placed on seemingly trivial differences in religious doctrine that often lead to the most acrimonious wars and civil strife by explaining that the genesis of a long and bloody war between rival factions of Lilliputians stems from a disagreement over where to crack eggs. One group break their eggs on the small end (Small Endians) and the other break their eggs on the large end (Big Endians). What I found most clever about this attack was the use of an ambiguous reference in each side's “holy book” that states, “all true believers break their eggs at the convenient end.” That is just about perfect satire Mr. Swift. ** A biting jab at traditions and customs that people cling to long after there is no practical reason to do so is eloquently made when Gulliver describes the Lilliputians custom of burying their dead head first.They bury their dead with their heads directly downwards, because they hold an opinion that in eleven thousand moons they are all to rise again, in which period the earth (which they conceive to be flat) will turn upside down, and by this means they shall, at their resurrection, be found ready standing on their feet. The learned among them confess the absurdity of this doctrine, but the practice still continues, in compliance to the vulgar.When Swift is on his game, he is very, very effective.** A wonderful anti-war statement is made through the horror and disgust with which the King of the giant Brobdingnagians (their size depicted as representing moral superiority) reacts to Gulliver’s description of gunpowder and his offer to teach the Brobdingnagians the formula for producing it:I told him of ‘an invention, discovered between three and four hundred years ago, to make a certain powder…[t]hat a proper quantity of this powder…would drive a ball of iron or lead, with such violence and speed, as nothing was able to sustain its force. That the largest balls thus discharged, would not only destroy whole ranks of an army at once, but batter the strongest walls to the ground, sink down ships, with a thousand men in each, to the bottom of the sea, and when linked together by a chain, would cut through masts and rigging, divide hundreds of bodies in the middle, and lay all waste before them. That we often put this powder into large hollow balls of iron, and discharged them by an engine into some city we were besieging, which would rip up the pavements, tear the houses to pieces, burst and throw splinters on every side, dashing out the brains of all who came near…...The king was struck with horror at the description I had given of those terrible engines, and the proposal I had made. ‘He was amazed, how so impotent and groveling an insect as I…could entertain such inhuman ideas, and in so familiar a manner, as to appear wholly unmoved at all the scenes of blood and desolation which I had painted as the common effects of those destructive machines; whereof,’ he said, ‘some evil genius, enemy to mankind, must have been the first contriver.’ As for himself, he protested, that although few things delighted him so much as new discoveries in art or in nature, yet he would rather lose half his kingdom, than be privy to such a secret; which he commanded me, as I valued any life, never to mention any more. Sorry for the long quote, but I thought that was a particularly moving passage. ** My personal favorite (purely from an enjoyment standpoint) is the depiction of the scientifically adept and common-senseless Laputans  who exemplify Swift’s serious gripe against scientific research that doesn’t have a practical and foreseeable benefit to society. The first man I saw was of a meagre aspect, with sooty hands and face…[H]e has been eight years upon a project for extracting sunbeams out of cucumbers, which were to be put in phials hermetically sealed, and let out to warm the air in raw inclement summers. He told me, he did not doubt, that, in eight years more, he should be able to supply the governor’s gardens with sunshine, at a reasonable rate…. Gulliver’s exploration of the scientific academy of Laputa was my favorite part of the novel and I thought Swift’s satiric chops were at there sharpest in relaying the societal dysfunction of the Laputans.  Now I must drop some ice in the bath water. As much as there was to enjoy in this work, I was not as blown away by it as I would have liked to have been. For one thing, I thought that Swift’s prose was merely serviceable and I didn’t find much in the way of eloquence in his delivery. It was missing the ear-pleasing lyrical quality that I have come to expect when reading classic literature. The writing wasn’t bad by any means but it wasn’t as enjoyable or memorable as I had hoped. This may be an unfair critique given that this book’s legacy lies with its content, but the lack of beautiful prose kept me from being able to enjoy the interludes and non-meaty passages of the work.    Also, some of Swift’s critiques fell a bit flat and didn't resonate with me as much as those mentioned above. For instance, the recasting of famous historical figures like Alexander, Hannibal and Caesar as being more subject to the moral frailties of the human animal than the established texts would have us believe. Swift uses this as the springboard to discuss the less than wholesome practices of securing political power today and that is a good thing. I just found the use of the legends of antiquity unnecessary and not particularly effective. That’s probably a personal bias of mine as I have always found those figures fascinating to read about.    Here's my biggest problem. One of the principal arguments that Swift makes in his novel is that balance and moderation are the keys to success both individually and as a people. Extremes of behavior and belief are the seeds from which disastrous consequences are born, according to Swift. That’s easy to say and it has an attractive ring to it, but I wish Swift had done a little more with it. This walkmy right into my biggest complaint about the story…the ending. I thought that the ambiguity of Gulliver’s condition at the end of the novel was a bit of a cop out. It appears as though the reader is left to determine whether Gulliver was (1) a man disgusted with humanity as a result of his exposure to the morally righteous and logically rational Houyhnhnm or (2) a man whose ill-conceived and intemperate worship of, and infatuation with the Houyhnhnm made him just another unbalanced yahoo whose loss of perspective and left him deranged.   Part of the answer of this would stem from determining whether Swift was holding up the Houyhnhnms as a model to follow or whether their own passionless adherence to logic was itself a subject of parody. However, as with the end, I think Swift was less than certain of his position (or of the position he wanted to state) and thus left too much ambiguity to the reader. Now I understand that often these kinds of soft endings are perfect as they allow the reader to interpret the work for themselves. However, here where Swift has been bludgeoning the reader with his opinions throughout the entire work, to suddenly punt and not clearly express a case for his protagonist seems to be a miss. That said, I am the first to acknowledge that it is anywhere from a distinct possibility to a metaphysical certainty that the “miss” here is on my part, but that was how I saw it. I wanted Swift to wrap up and summarize the effect of the journey on Gulliver and provide a statement about what should be drawn from his experience so that a better road could be paved for using his travels to address the problems on which it shined its light.   3.0 to 3.5 stars. Still…HIGHLY RECOMMENDED!!

  • Paul Bryant
    2019-04-21 11:43

    Okay, I didn't finish this sucker. It was poor. I was kind of shocked. I was thinking why does no one point out that this is a giant rip off of Honey I Shrunk the Kids and Honey I Blew Up the Kid? It's painfully obvious. I don't see why this Danial Defoe mope has not had his ass sued, maybe he avoided that by writing his ripoff in a long ass frankly boring olde-worlde style so that all the lawyers would fall asleep before they got their writ typed up. The other stuff that isn't Lillypoot and Borodbynag or whatever is talking horses and shit and I'm pretty sure they're in Lord of the Rings so more ripoff although I never saw that movie all the way through because it's kind of boring and also kind of - some real geek types have PMed me saying that Daniel Dafoe didn't write thia d it was Jonathon Swift. I mean, get a life. They're all dead right? they're like deader than dead. who cares. lol.

  • Lisa
    2019-04-16 14:29

    "And he gave it for his opinion, "that whoever could make two ears of corn, or two blades of grass, to grow upon a spot of ground where only one grew before, would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to his country, than the whole race of politicians put together." I don't think there will ever be a time when Gulliver's Travels doesn't feel like a perfect mirror of humankind. I remember the first time I read it, as a child. I was immeasurably impressed with the sudden insight that things are small or great depending on comparison with other things, and that there are no absolute values. That knowledge, combined with the idea that you learn to understand yourself by seeing your peculiarities through the eyes of people who do not share your social and cultural background, helped me navigate my globetrotting childhood. When I reread the Travels as a grown-up, I focused more on the political satire, finding pleasure in discovering that the typical idiocies of my own time apparently had their correspondences centuries ago. Somehow, that made life easier to bear.But now I am beginning to wonder. Are the yahoos degenerating further? When will they hit rock bottom? And could we maybe ship off some of our worst yahoos to Lilliput, where they can claim they are great without lying?Thank Goodness there are authors like Swift, who are capable of making humanists in despair laugh on dark November nights after reading the never-ending misery called news. Oh Lordy, I wish they were fake.But they are likely to mirror the world - without the wit and irony that Swift added to make life endurable, enjoyable even! That is a quality in an author that is always needed, now more than ever!Yahooooooooooooooooo!

  • Nayra.Hassan
    2019-04-07 13:35

    هي مجموعة صفعات متتالية على وجه البشرية جمعاء..فعندما ترفضك الجياد الناطقة بلطف..لانها اكثر منك تحضرا و رشدا..اذن فلتعد يا "جاليفر "من رحلاتك الاربعة..حزينا كسيرالهذه الروايات مكانة خاصة في قلبي..فهي أول رحلاتي الطويلة لعالم الفانتازيا والخيال بلا حدود..فمن خلال الترجمة الرشيقة للعبقري كامل الكيلاني...قراتها في سن العاشرة بعربية فصيحة و تشكيل ..و لم ينطفىء انبهاري فقراتها ملخصة بالإنجليزية..ثم في نسختها الكاملة في سن 30أحببت اهل ليليبوت الاقزام السخفاء المتمسكين بالتقاليد..والشكليات..و العمالقة الهمج الذين كشفوا لجاليفر غروره و ضالته..و الفلاسفة ..السحرة. .والمخلدون التعساء. .وأخيرا و رغم خياله الفلسفي الجامح ..لم يحقق سويفت..هدفه من الحرب التي شنها على الجنس البشري..نفذت طبعات كتابه ..و لكن ضحك الجميع من المغامرات واعتبروها..طرائف عن حماقات شعوب اخرى..وهكذا رحل سويفت صامتا...و فاقدا لعقله الأسلوب قديم و على شكل مذكرات .. و كذلك اللغة .. لذا قد يكون اسهل على البعض قراءتها مختصرة فهي تنتمي لعام 1700..و لكن الحماقات ..والانانية و الحروب ..هي هي..و ستظل كما هي

  • Kalliope
    2019-04-17 14:29

    Jonathan Swift (1667 – 1745) writes towards the end of his author perfectly blameless, against whom the tribe of answerers, considerers, observers, reflecters, detecters, remarkers, will never be able to find matter for exercising their talents.Had Swift known GR he would probably have included “reviewers” in the above sentence. This thought warns me against continuing any further with my review.But the Travels of Gullible Gulliver (1726) have made me laugh like no other book for a long time. And I want to share this.The introduction in my edition by Michael Foot was almost as funny. For Foot surveys the history of the reaction to Swift’s book, from its immediate huge success and popularity during the Enlightenment to the deprecating opinion shared by many, but not all (John Keats was one of the exceptions), in puritanical Victorian times. They were affronted by the shameful indecency their own minds projected onto Swift’s lines.Some of the quotes from Victorian responses made me laugh as heartily as Swift’s words... a monster, gibbering shrieks and gnashing imprecations against mankind – tearing down all shreds of modesty, past all sense of manliness and shame; filthy in word, filthy in thought, furious, raging, obscene.His rehabilitation started during WW1, beginning with a lecture in Cambridge in 1917. Gulliver’s attacks on war and the idiocies of nationalism would have met welcoming ears in that university hall. Some rejection still lingered for a while and surprisingly both George Orwell and Aldous Huxley were highly critical of Swift.Nowadays, many aspects of this book appeal strongly to our more cynical and detached age. What we have now is filtered by the Disney Cartoons and The Economist has chosen Gulliver as the title to its Travel Section. And of course, the company Yahoo also got its name from the most detestable of Swift’s characters. As everyone knows this is a book about travelling. The popularity of two of its four parts and their easy refashioning into tales for children disguise the fact that the book was written as a parody of the then prevailing travel writing. If for us Travel now means consumption, then it still meant discovery. But in all discoveries there is some degree of presumptuousness. And this is what bothered Swift. But this book is a journey in itself: Travel into Acerbity. Each part becomes more acidic and sour than the previous one. And if the Victorians found it indecent we have to admit that there is a fair amount of stripping in this book, but not of clothes. Swift is stripping human nature. For apart from the hilarious and highly creative stories, the sum of reflections on the relativity of some of our beliefs, which we hold as absolute, constitutes a fully developed treatise on us. The Fantastic and Utopian character is disguised by Swift's framing with exact dates each of the four trips. Gulliver sets off on the 4th of May 1699 and returns from his final trip on the 5th of December 1715. May be it was this kind of specificity that made one of Swift’s contemporaries go and have a look at his Atlas to check where Lilliput was. And another adamantly denied that the whole thing could be true!!Apart from children, some mathematicians have also been delighted by Gulliver’s adventures (demonstrable proof). The third trip, to the Land of Laputa (some knowledge of Spanish helps in understanding this title) is an amusing diatribe against mathematicians and academics. A good reader of Swift must be willing to embrace self-parody.The fourth and final trip is the most controversial one, since it is a direct blow at the arrogance of human nature. And yet, this part is an excellent exposition of Swift’s thinking and his deep aversion of brutality and despotism.Apart from Swift’s exuberant imagination, I have greatly enjoyed his language. In spite of the irony and satire, his writing reads as coming directly from the pen of Mister Common Sense. Swift wrote in a limpid form, keeping a perfect pace that accompanied an impeccable stream of clear thinking. Swift was known for his conviction on the appropriate use of language:That the use of speech was to make us understand one another, and to receive information of facts; now if any one said the thing which was not, these ends were defeated.And to make sure of this, he would read aloud to his servants to confirm that his text would be understood.He kept his humour until the end, and this is what he wrote for his own epitaph.He gave the little wealth he had,To build a House for Fools and Mad.And shew’d by one Satyric Touch,No Nation needed it so much.I close this book feeling a great respect for the smart, polite Houyhnhnms who enjoy a level of wisdom and common sense that should be the envy of all of us.

  • Lori
    2019-04-20 09:43

    Oh man.This book was sheer torture. The writing was dry and bland and boring. Swift had some really interesting ideas - An island of people no larger than your finger. Another island with people that are 60 feet tall. A floating island, an island of scientists, the island of Yahoos...but the execution was hard to appreciate. I came very close to putting this novel down many many times. I admit to not being a fan of early, victorian literature, but this was just painful.

  • Matthew
    2019-04-23 17:44

    This was my favorite required reading in high school (well, actually, probably tied with Animal Farm). It was a very pleasant and unexpected surprise. The reference points I had were cartoon retellings of this from my youth. I only really had an image of Gulliver vs the Lilliputians - and that was only the most basic "giant in a land full of very small people" storylines (well, they were trying to entertain children, so it doesn't have to get much more complex than that). But, the book is made up of more stories than just Gulliver as a giant (hence the Travels - plural). The content of these stories is witty and not-so-thinly veiled political and social commentary. In the end, it didn't feel like required reading at all - it was a truly enjoyable adventure I was glad to take!

  • Jason Koivu
    2019-04-14 13:50

    So much more than just a fantastical tale of a man journeying to mystical lands. This is thinly veiled satire...super thin.A seafaring Englishman ends up in four fairytale worlds where people are small, gigantic, smarties in the maths, and where people are horses. By the second journey you'd think he'd be done with all this, but in the end he's done with humans and has trouble living amongst his own kind.Written in the old style where listing off occurrences constituted an adventure and a perfectly well constructed story, Gulliver's Travels can be at times a tedious read. It's filled with a laundry list of actions ("I did this and then I did this"), and when you think some tension or conflict is a brewin' you get simple expedients flatly stated ("I was faced with an obstacle and so I overcame it by doing this.") After a time it all becomes trying and uninspiring, making the turning of pages ever more difficult. However, if you've come to this book looking for condemnation of the human race's worst foibles, you've come to the right place. Swift dispatches venom towards the leeches of humanity. Lawyers, for instance, get blasted left, right and center. I'm one of those people that feels we're not much better, and sometimes not any better, than base animals, so I was okay with the author's bashing of my fellow man. Those who don't understand anything beyond "Humans! We're #1!" aren't going to like this. Regardless of its faults, I'm glad I finally got around to reading the original, full-length version. In school I read an abridged and sanitized version, which left out all the mentions of genitalia and bodily functions. This is much better with all the pee and tits included!PS: Check out my video review of Gulliver's Travels here:

  • Manny
    2019-04-18 15:39

    Another excellent invention of the Laputan Academy is a kind of fellowship or club, which they call in their language Sdaerdoog, or superior literature; and indeed the name does not belie the thing, for it is quite the most superior manner of enjoying literature yet devized. Noting that every man will be well acquainted with the great books of the world, yet few have the inclination to read them, the Laputan savants have ordained a scheme, no less ingenious than equitable, whereby this onerous duty is divided among the members of the club. On completing the perusal of a book, the reader composes a short pamphlet, that they term a "weiver", containing all the knowledge a gentleman of good sense and education may learn from the writing in question. This he then distributes to his fellows, who can can now read a score of weivers in the time they would perforce have laid down on the reading of a single tome. There are members of the Academy who do naught but read weivers the length of the day; it is impossible to exaggerate the prodigious extent of their learning, which would be the envy of any Oxford or Cambridge professor.

  • Fernando
    2019-03-29 13:28

    “Los viajes de Gulliver” es el tipo de libros que podrían agruparse con otros relatos de viajes para ser leídos en cadena, puesto que las experiencias que se narran en ellos en general son afines entre sí.Por la naturaleza de lo que sucede en él, se pueden establecer relaciones entre éste libro y “Robinson Crusoe”, de Daniel Defoe, a partir de las experiencias de Lemuel Gulliver como náufrago en varias ocasiones, o “La isla del tesoro” de Robert Louis Stevenson e incluso por el tipo de personajes con los que Gulliver se encuentra con el libro “Alicia en el país de las maravillas” de Lewis Carroll y por qué no con aquellas novelas sobre los avances científicos escritas por Julio Verne ("Veinte mil leguas de viaje submarino"), más precisamente cuando describe la isla flotante de Laputa y también de ciertos acercamientos a aquellos libros que pertenecen a la ciencia ficción -se me ocurre "Crónicas Marcianas" de Ray Bradbury- dado que por momentos lo que Gulliver narra en cada uno de sus cuatro viajes se asemeja a visitar otro planeta, particularmente en el tercer y cuarto viaje.Este libro es para muchos un claro ejemplo de ese género literario denominado Sátira: "Discurso o composición literaria en prosa o verso en que se critican agudamente las costumbres o vicios de alguien con intención moralizadora, lúdica o meramente burlesca.". También podría atribuírsele el mote de novela política satírica, puesto que lo que Swift expone en él es un racconto de las distintas sociedades modernas aggiornadas a extraños países, razas y seres dejando bien en claro que todos aquellos reinos que visita contienen defectos excepto el del país de los houyhnhnms, a los que declara como una raza impecable tanto por sus valores como sus virtudes y ninguna imperfección.De todos modos, Swift siempre se las ingenia para dejar muy bien parado a su país, Inglaterra, al cual posiciona como el emblema de Europa y prácticamente como la mejor nación del mundo. Puede entenderse esa obsesión en el autor de dejar bien en claro la supremacía británica sobre Francia, país enemistado con Inglaterra durante el siglo XVIII.Un rasgo interesante del libro es el de la dificultad al leer los nombres propios, de países y vocabulario inventado por Swift, algo que demuestra su lúcida inteligencia.Cito un ejemplo: en Lilliput lo llaman Quihnbus Flestrin, que significa Hombre-Montaña, mientras que en Broddingnag, su nombre es Grildrig y la niña que lo cuida se llama Glumdalclitch. Otro detalle acerca de la lectura de este libro es que me costó mucho dimensionar las diferencias de tamaños tanto en su estadía en Lilliput como en Brobdingnag, ya que tanto el autor como los traductores utilizan el sistema de medidas que incluyen pulgadas, yardas, pies y millas. Para un lector acostumbrado al sistema métrico que utiliza milímetros, metros y kilómetros, aunque parezca un detalle tonto, el sistema del autor no ofrece una orientación clara.Un dato pintoresco es que las diferencias de tamaños están marcadamente diferenciadas, a punto tal que cuando uno se acostumbró al tamaño gigante de Gulliver en Lilliput, le cuesta imaginarse el tamaño opuesto cuando pone un pie en el reino de Brobdingnag en donde esos tamaños se invierten durante su segundo viaje. Allí, Gulliver es un minúsculo ser humano.Durante su tercer viaje cuando conoce losa los dominios de Laputa, Balnibarbi, Glubbdubdi y Luggnagg el lector descubre que los tamaños son iguales pero que esa raza de laputienses son prácticamente como las de verdaderos extraterrestres, "con un ojo vuelo y otro apuntando al cénit", como indica Gulliver.Viven en un ambiente que se caracteriza por la geometría, las matemáticas y la música. Fue para mí el viaje más desconcertante, pero a su vez, debo reconocer el talento y la increíble imaginación de Jonathan Swift para crear semejantes personajes. Tengamos en cuenta que este libro fue publicado en 1726, ¡139 años antes de "Alicia en el país de las maravillas!, libro en el que Carroll despliega también una maravillosa imaginería de personajes increíbles.Durante el cuarto viaje, en las tierra de los houyhnhnms, que son una raza de caballos con inteligencia que dominan a otros seres inferiores, en estado bruto llamados yahoos, que son muy inferiores pero a la vez muy parecidos a los humanos, algo me remite a la película "El planeta de los simios" en donde los seres humanos son esclavizados por una raza de monos dotados de una inteligencia avanzada.En definidas cuentas, "Los viajes de Gulliver" es un libro entretenido, un tanto tedioso en algunas partes, sobre todo en aquellas donde vuelve a explicar cómo es Inglaterra a cada raza que visita; que tiene un costado verdaderamente de publicidad política y ensalzamiento de Inglaterra en detrimento de otras naciones y también expone, aunque sin denunciar, el tema de la esclavitud.Es difícil que se sientan ofendidos por este tema, dado que es mundialmente conocido el pasado pirata y de trata de esclavos de los ingleses, aunque en el caso de su libro, Swift se saca el peso de encima echándole la culpa a los portugueses, los holandeses y los españoles.Nuevamente destaco el poder de la imaginación de Jonathan Swift, un adelantado a su época, puesto que escribió un su libro que aún hoy tiene la vigencia intacta de los más afamados clásicos que nunca pasan de moda.

  • Vit Babenco
    2019-03-29 17:33

    Lemuel Gulliver was the first who discovered the theory of relativity: he comprehended that everything in the world is relative therefore while amongst Lilliputians he is a giant, amongst Brobdingnagians he is a midget.Eccentricity excellently stands against the erosion of time – much better than any fashion. But it takes a genius to see everything ordinary and commonplace in a bizarre light and to make it withstand the ages. Everyone knows how laborious the usual method is of attaining to arts and sciences; whereas by his contrivance, the most ignorant person at a reasonable charge, and with a little bodily labour, may write books in philosophy, poetry, politics, law, mathematics and theology, without the least assistance from genius or study. He then led me to the frame, about the sides whereof all his pupils stood in ranks. It was twenty foot square, placed in the middle of the room. The superficies was composed of several bits of wood, about the bigness of a die, but some larger than others. They were all linked together by slender wires. These bits of wood were covered on every square with papers pasted on them; and on these papers were written all the words of their language in their several moods, tenses, and declensions, but without any order. The professor then desired me to observe, for he was going to set his engine at work.Rejoice, Jonathan Swift was an inventor of a computer and he was the first programmer!

  • Anthony Vacca
    2019-03-28 16:49

    It’s one of the stranger occurrences that Gulliver’s Travels is recognized more often than not as a fantastical adventure for the delight of children, when in actuality it is one of the bleakest condemnations of human beings to ever corrode a page. The Reverend Swift is a master of misanthropic satire, and even with the arsenal of footnotes (as this wonderful edition from Oxford Classics exhaustively supplies) essential for a well-rounded reading of GT, the Gentle Reader is still left staggering to keep up with the immense range of the Author’s targets. Nothing is sacred in Swift’s world, besides that dim flicker of reason that most people dedicate their entire lives to trying to snuff out. Up against a foe like that, Swift teases with barely veiled blasphemy and sedation, all in the hopes of making the reader uncomfortable enough to possibly fart out an actual thought of their own. The plot of the book is familiar enough to most: a seemingly innocuous account of the travels and travails of a polite and resourceful British naval surgeon as he visits exotic locales not to be found on any early 18th century map. But what most people miss (including all the little tykes who have watched shitty movie adaptations, such as the one featuring the talents of Jack Black) is that as Gulliver makes his way through adventures with tiny people, giants and cities in the sky, he finds himself losing heart in his sincere attempts to explain and defend his country’s societal and moral mores, and by novel’s end is crushed with bitterness and disgust for the human race. The fatal thrust of Swift’s argument—which, as he declares in a letter to his pen pal, Alexander Pope, is to show that there is nothing rational about humans as rational animals—is delivered in Gulliver’s final travel to an utopia where talking horses encapsulate all the ideals we supposedly champion, while humans are nothing but a bunch of savage Yahoos. What follows is one of the most disparaging denouements on the human condition that this particular reader has ever encountered. A hilarious but sobering remedy for any wayward soul who still has faith in humanity.

  • Andrew
    2019-04-08 17:38

    Glad to get the references now: although I could have just read Wikipedia: the Lilliputians are small, the Brobdignagians big, the flying city is whatever, the Houhynhyns are really great (although he's pretty unpersuasive on this -- why are they so great? because they don't have a word for lying? Gulliver grows to love horses so much that he can't speak to his own family when he gets home -- I didn't buy it; I just think he's a misanthrope), and I suppose the most significant use of reading the book is to understand the etymology of the word "Yahoo." I will now call people "Yahoos" with much more relish than I did before. But the book: not much there. It's a methodical, list-like satire on travel books which are themselves dull. No plot, and no character development to speak of except the persuasion of Gulliver that horses are better than people because people are so awful. He dwells at length on how awful people are, but in the end this just made me think Gulliver was a nasty sort of person who relishes big PJ-O'Rourke-ish generalizations. If I want to hate people, I'll get on a subway. I want books to help me do more than that.

  • Ahmad Sharabiani
    2019-04-13 16:25

    983. Gulliver’s Travels, Jonathan SwiftTravels into Several Remote Nations of the World in Four Parts by Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon & then a Captain of Several Ships, Jonathan Swiftعنوانها: سفرنامه گالیور؛ سفرهای گالیور؛ مسافرتهای گالیور؛ ماجراهای گالیور؛ نویسنده: جوناتان (جاناتان) سویفت؛ (امیرکبیر؛ بنگاه نشر و ترجمه، انتشارات علمی و فرهنگی؛ ماهی، مشهد بنگاه کتاب، مشهد باربد؛ ثالث؛ نشر نی، ) ادبیات انگلستان قرن 18 میلادی؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش: ژوئن سال 1970 میلادیعنوان: سفرنامه گالیور؛ نویسنده: جاناتان سویفت؛ مترجم: منوچهر امیری؛ تهران، بنگاه نشر و ترجمه، 1335؛ در 498 ص؛ چاپ دیگر: علمی فرهنگی، 1365، در 529 ص؛ چاپ دیگر: تهران، ماهی، 1387، در 536 ص؛ شابک: 9789649971839؛ موضوع: داستانهای نویسندگان انگلیسی قرن 18 معنوان: ماجراهای گالیور؛ نویسنده: جاناتان سویفت؛ مترجم: محمد آزاد؛ مشهد، بنگاه کتاب، 1369؛ در 155 ص؛ چاپ دیگر: مشهد، باربد، 1372 ؛ عنوان: سفرهای گالیور؛ نویسنده: جاناتان سویفت؛ مترجم: سهیل سمی؛ تهران، آبشن، 1391؛ در 380 ص؛ چاپ دیگر: تهران، میکان، 1393؛ شابک: 9786007845011؛ عنوان: سفرهای گالیور؛ نویسنده: جاناتان سویفت؛ مترجم: شیوا مقانلو؛ تهران، ثالث، 1391؛ در 195 ص؛ شابک: 9789643807979؛ عنوان: سفرهای گالیور؛ نویسنده: جاناتان سویفت؛ مترجم: رضا روزبه؛ تهران، نشر نی، 1391؛ در 197 ص؛ شابک: 9789641852971؛ عنوان: سفرهای گالیور (خلاصه)؛ نویسنده: جاناتان سویفت؛ مترجم: هومان قشقایی؛ تهران، امیر کبیر کتابهای طلایی، 1349؛ در 48 ص؛ مترجمین و انتشارات متفاوت و بسیاری خلاصه ای از کتاب را نشر داده اندچاپ نخست در سال 1736 میلادی و تجدیدنظر به سال 1735 میلادی، با عنوان کاملِ: سفرهایی به برخی ممالک دورافتاده ی جهان در چهار بخش، نوشتۀ لموئل گالیور، نخست در نقش پزشک کشتی و سپس به‌ عنوان ناخدا؛ داستانی تخیلی نوشته ی: جاناتان سویفت است. اقتباس‌های بسیار از اثر به‌ صورت کمیک استریپ، فیلم انیمیشن، فیلم، مجموعۀ تلویزیونی و امثال آن شده‌. داستان، که در چهار بخش نوشته شده‌ است، به‌ صورت سفرنامه ی دریانوردی به نام: ناخدا لموئل گالیور، و از زبان خود وی بیان می‌شود. نسخه‌ های مختلف، تفاوت‌های چندی با هم دارند، اما همه ی نسخه‌ ها در مواردی مشترک هستند که بنیان نسخه‌ ی امروزیِن اثر هستند. داستان به‌ شیوه ی آن روزگار با شرح مختصری از زندگی شخصیت و معرفی او آغاز، و با شرح سفرهای گالیور ادامه می‌یابد. سفر به لی‌لی‌پوت سرزمین مردمان پانزده سانتیمتری؛ سفر به براب دینگ نَگ سرزمین مردمان غول پیکر؛ سفر به لاپوتا جزیره ی پرنده؛ لاپوتایی‌ها مردمانی علم‌ زده هستند که همه چیز را علمی می‌نگرند. آن‌ها تمام وقت برروی موضوعات مضحک و بی‌فایده‌ ای همچون تولید نور از خیار، ساخت بالش از سنگ مرمر، و تشخیص مخالفان نظام با آزمایش مدفوع افراد مشکوک، تحقیق می‌کنند. با این‌همه، آن‌ها به گالیور امکاناتی برای ادامه ی سفر می‌دهند. گالیور هم مدت کوتاهی در: بال نیب رابی، لوگ ناگ و گلوب دوب دریب، به سیاحت می‌پردازد، و با اشباحی سخنگو و مردمانی نامیرا ملاقات می‌کند. سفر به هوئی‌ هِنِم : سرانجام، گالیور به سرزمین هوئی‌ هِنِم‌ها می‌رسد. در آن سرزمین، اسب‌هایی باهوش بر انسان‌هایی وحشی حکمرانی می‌کنند. گالیور، به‌عنوان انسانی با درجه‌ ای از فهم و هوش، از نظر اسب‌ها برای حکمرانی‌ شان بر انسان‌های وحشی، خطرناک ارزیابی می‌شود؛ بنابراین، او را بیرون می‌رانند. ا. شربیانی

  • Foad
    2019-04-16 16:38

    اسفار اربعهسفرنامه ى گاليور از چهار سفر تشكيل شده؛ هر بار گاليور، مثل سندباد بحرى، به سفرى دريايى ميره، ولى طوفان يا وقايع ديگه باعث ميشه سر از جزيره اى ناشناخته دربياره.سفر اول: لى لى پوتگاليورى كه در ساحل خوابيده، و وقتى بيدار ميشه مى بينه دست و پاش رو با ريسمان به زمين بستن و هزاران انسان كوچولو دورش جمع شدن. معروف ترين صحنه ى كتاب.لى لى پوتى ها، نماينده ى انسان هاى كم خرد و حقير هستن، جنگ هاشون حقير، افكارشون حقير، زندگى شون حقير، و تقابل اين شرايط با عظمت گاليور، شرايط كميكى ايجاد مى كنه.سفر دوم: برابدينگ نگگاليورى كه در خانه ى عروسك يك دختربچه ى غول پيكر زندگى مى كنه، و دختربچه مثل عروسك تر و خشكش مى كنه. اين هم صحنه ى آشناى ديگه ى كتاب. غول هاى برابدينگ نگ، بر عكس لى لى پوتى ها، نماينده ى انسان هاى بزرگ هستن. پادشاهشون ساعت ها با گاليور بحث مى كنه و از رسوم انسان ها مى پرسه و از حماقت انسان ها تعجب مى كنه.روى هم رفته اين دو سفر پر ماجراتر و خنده آورتر هستن. به نظر ميرسه حوصله ى نويسنده بعد از اين دو بخش، كم كم ته مى كشيده.سفر سوم: لاپوتااگه انيمه ى زيباى ژاپنى "لاپوتا: قلعه اى در آسمان" از هايائو ميازاكى رو ديده باشيد، اون انيمه از اين بخش سفرنامه الهام گرفته، هر چند از لحاظ مضمون به هم ارتباطى ندارن.سرزمينى ويران و فقير، ولى پر از دانشمندانى كه به جاى حل مشكلات مردم، به مسائل انتزاعى و بى فايده مى پردازن. در حالى كه قلعه ى پرنده ى پادشاه، با ساكنان فيلسوفش، در بالاى ابرها سير مى كنه و از زندگى واقعى مردم سرزمينش بى خبره.سفر چهارم: سرزمين هوينهم هااسب هاى عاقل و سخنگويى كه انسان هاى وحشى و نفهم (كه "ياهو" ناميده ميشن) رو به ارابه و گاوآهن مى بندن. اين فصل تماماً لحنى تعليمى داره، و به دور از ماجراجويى هاى طنزآميز دو فصل اول، فقط به انتقاد از رذائل انسانى مى پردازه.چرا كتاب رو خوندم؟يك اخترفيزيك دان، هشت كتاب رو پيشنهاد كرده بود كه هر فرد تحصيل كرده و روشن انديشى بايد مطالعه كنه. بعضى از كتاب هاى اين ليست رو خونده بودم (عهدين، شهريار ماكياولى و هنر رزم سون تزو) ولى بعضى ديگه رو نه (منشأ انواع داروين، ثروت ملل آدام اسميت و...).با توجه به تصويرى كه از انيميشن گاليور داشتم، ("من از اولشم مى دونستم..." و كاپيتان ليچ بدجنس و كلاغش كه مى خوان نقشه ى گنج گاليور رو تصاحب كنن) هيچ وقت فكر نمى كردم كتاب خاصى باشه. وقتى اسمش رو توى اين ليست ديدم، تعجب كردم، و چون در دسترس بود سراغش رفتم و ديدم كه خيلى از عناصر انيميشن در كتاب وجود نداره و بيشتر وقايع انيميشن ساخته و پرداخته ى ذهن انيماتورها بوده.البته كتاب خيلى خوبى بود، ولى از همين جا اعلام مى كنم كه جاش توى اون ليست نبود، و اگه من بودم كتاب هاى مهم تر ديگه اى رو جاش ميذاشتم.لينك ليست هشت كتاب:

  • Paul
    2019-04-12 14:46

    This was a re-read of an old favourite. I fell in love with this book in my teens and have returned to it a few times since (my teens were a long time ago).Jonathan Swift was a satirist of the first order. While you can read this as a silly fantasy story (it works on two levels and the first time I read it as a pre-teen I enjoyed it purely as a silly fantasy tale) virtually everything in this book has a double-meaning. As with most, if not all, of the best satirists, Swift's commentaries are both hilarious and boiling-water-to-the-face scathing.The book is intelligent, hilarious and (barely) conceals a seething rage in the author's heart that is aimed like a burning arrow at the society that surrounded him.

  • Nikoleta
    2019-03-31 09:54

    Ο ήρωας μας, Γκάλιβερ, μπαρκάρει ως γιατρός, και στα ταξίδια του βιώνει απίστευτες περιπέτειες. Συναντάει χώρες μαγευτικές, με λιλιπούτειους ανθρώπους, άλλες με γίγαντες, με μάγους ακόμα χώρες με πάνσοφα άλογα και νησιά που αιωρούνται στον αέρα.Σε κάθε μία από αυτές, συζητά με τους κυβερνήτες και τους βασιλιάδες τους για θέματα διακυβέρνησης, θρησκείας, δικαιοσύνης, παιδείας και οτιδήποτε άλλο αφορά μια ανθρώπινη κοινωνία.Όλες αυτές οι συζητήσεις, μαζί με τις παρατηρήσεις του Γκάλιβερ από τα ταξίδια του, είναι ο τρόπος του Swift να σατιρίσει την κοινωνία και να καυτηριάσει με τον πιο έντονο τρόπο τα κακώς κείμενα. Είναι γεγονός ότι παρατήρησα ότι όσο προχωρούσα την ανάγνωση του βιβλίου, τόσο έντονη γινόταν η δυσανασχέτηση του Swift για το ίδιο του το είδος, σε σημείο που στις τελευταίες σελίδες πλησιάζει την μισανθρωπία. Δεν είμαι κατάλληλη να κρίνω φυσικά την λογική του, ούτε το αν έχει δίκιο ή άδικο. Φυσικά και προβληματίστηκα από τον συλλογισμό του συγγραφέα και την απέχθεια του για την κατεστημένη ηθική τάξη, και φυσικά μπορώ να πω ότι απόλαυσα αρκετά την ανάγνωση του βιβλίου. 3,5/5 αστεράκια.

  • Loretta
    2019-04-03 15:33

    I didn't really like this book. I toyed with giving the book two stars but because some parts were somewhat entertaining, I decided on giving the book three stars.It was very hard to get into and some parts were slow and they dragged on forever. Glad I can say that I finally read it but it definitely wouldn't be one I'd ever pick up again.

  • James
    2019-03-29 14:45

    Book ReviewIf you've never heard of Jonathan Swift before, perhaps this will jog your memory... In one of his other famous works, A Modest Proposal, he offers a suggestion that we should eat babies in order to survive.Whaaaaat? You're probably thinking I'm a nut job for talking about this. But a few things to remember...1. Swift is Irish. So it's OK. They can say those sort of things and get away with. And so can I. Because I'm Irish. Oh... and it's all satire. So let's relax a bit. :P2. A Modest Proposal is not the point of this review. Swift's other famous work, Gulliver's Travels, is the point of this review.3. Swift wrote these novels / essays about 300 years ago. Yes, you read that correctly. 300 years ago.4. The government controlled everything. He was a rebel. But a good one. And his works are absolutely fantastic. On to Gulliver's Travels.5. This may be where the word "yahoo" comes from. LOLThis is one where I just don't want to ruin the story. Gulliver encounters several new species of people on his travels, most notably the Brobdingnag folks and the Lilliputians. Basically, the land of really tiny people and really huge people. But don't think this is a non-politically correct book, where he's saying negative things about giants, midgets, short people, tall people, etc. It's satire and 300 years old. It's the language of the past. He's commenting on society's values, the things people say/do, who's hovering over whom, etc. He's actually "standing up for the [wo]man."It's such an absurdist story that you undoubtedly enjoy it. Yes, its language is a little stilted. And it's written in a way where sometimes the classics can be painful. I admit it. I love them, but I admit it. If you need something satirical, read a few chapters. Pick the first two voyages. It's a bit lengthy, but you'll get the drift even skimming a little bit. Everything he has to say is still mostly pertinent to how we feel about government today, just different priorities and levels of occurrence. But when you can input all the things we're feeling and thinking into a entirely new made-up race or breed of people, showing the silliness of what is going on in politics and culture, it's a good laugh worth experiencing. It was one of the fastest published and absorbed works of literature in history. People ate it up! America wasn't even a country when this was published!!!About MeFor those new to me or my reviews... here's the scoop: I read A LOT. I write A LOT. And now I blog A LOT. First the book review goes on Goodreads, and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at, where you'll also find TV & Film reviews, the revealing and introspective 365 Daily Challenge and lots of blogging about places I've visited all over the world. And you can find all my social media profiles to get the details on the who/what/when/where and my pictures. Leave a comment and let me know what you think. Vote in the poll and ratings. Thanks for stopping by. Note: All written content is my original creation and copyrighted to me, but the graphics and images were linked from other sites and belong to them. Many thanks to their original creators.[polldaddy poll=9729544][polldaddy poll=9719251]

  • فهد الفهد
    2019-03-30 17:48

    رحلات جيلفر ما خلا الكتب المفقودة والتي تم دفنها أو حرقها أو تمزيقها، يمكن اعتبار كتاب (رحلات جيلفر) من أكثر الكتب التي ظلمت في التاريخ، ففي سبيل نشر هذا الكتاب وترويجه، تم تبسيطه، اجتزاءه، ومن ثم تحويله إلى مجرد قصة للأطفال. كتب جوناثان سويفت كتابه هذا وسط عصر تميز بانتشار كتب الرحلات التي يضعها البحارة الإنجليز، ويملئونها بالأكاذيب لجذب الناس، كما تميز بالصراع السياسي بين حزب المحافظين – الذي ينتمي إليه سويفت – وحزب الأحرار، وقد انعكس هذا كله في الكتاب والذي جاء كمحاكاة ساخرة جداً لكتب الرحلات، ونقد سياسي لتسلط حزب الأحرار وسياساته. يخوض جيلفر بطل سويفت أربع مغامرات، ففي كل مرة تتحطم سفينته لتلقيه في جزيرة غريبة، مرة بين أيدي مملكة من الأقزام، وأخرى قوم من العمالقة وثالثة عند جزيرة طائرة، ورابعة عند شعب من الخيول، وفي كل مرة نعاين وجهاً من وجوه السياسة الأوروبية أو الإنجليزية، كيف يحاول مثلاً ملك الأقزام القضاء على المملكة المجاورة بالاستعانة بجيلفر، وهي صدى للحرب بين إنجلترا وفرنسا، الاضطهاد والتسلط الذي يمارسه ملك الجزيرة الطائرة وهو تورية لاضطهاد الإنجليز للايرلنديين والذي وقف سويفت ضده وبقوة، هذا غير السخرية المبطنة من كتب الرحلات وأسلوبهم وأكاذيبهم التي لا يسهل ابتلاعها. سويفت ساخر لاذع، وكتابه هذا مذهل بجماله وذكائه، وترجمة الدكتور محمد الديريني أوفت الكتاب حقه، بجودة الترجمة، وبالهوامش التي تشرح مقاصد المؤلف وإشاراته المدفونة في الكتاب، كتاب لا يفوت.

  • Mike Lindgren
    2019-04-18 11:38

    It is difficult to describe what Swift's masterpiece means to me. Gulliver's Travels is a book that I will probably be grappling with for the rest of my life, and I mean that in a good way. It is a savage jeu d'esprit, a book about religion with no mention of God, a philosophical end-game written in unadorned prose, a deeply pessimistic statement on human nature, a lacerating attack on the primacy of Reason in Englightenment thought, a pacifist tract, and, yes, one of the funniest books ever written. An earlier Penguin edition had a foreword by British critic (and MP!) Michael Foot that is one of the most penetrating pieces of literary analysis I have ever read.

  • di
    2019-04-14 17:52

    This book was written in 1726. It's pretty old. I anticipated bland writing (check) with a LOT of detailed and seemingly insignificant description (check) and no real story line (check). Helps to be prepared for it. I find it also helps to read an old book out of a vintage edition--it's just that much more fun. Then you can build up a handy sense of romanticism about old literature and float through the dull parts. My copy is from 1947 with a dust cover that's falling apart and that burnt paper smell. Mmm. ;)I picked this one up knowing a bit about the story. Most people associate it with giants, little tiny people and talking horses and generally assume that it's a children's book. But really it is far from it. I have read Swift's A Modest Proposal and Other Satirical Works wherein he proposes, in a voice of pure reasonableness, that the solution to the starvation and overcrowding of Ireland is for the poor to eat their own babies ('a most delicious, nourishing and wholesome food, whether stewed, roasted, baked or boiled'). So I am familiar with Jonathan Swift as a cutting satirist. And that's really what Gulliver's Travels is: layer upon layer of satire. In one sense, it's a parody of travel writing. In the 1700s explorers were discovering the 'weird and the wonderful' and writing exaggerated literature about it. Gulliver insists that he is telling just the 'plain facts' while reporting his ridiculously fantastical accounts. And the bland writing style (oh yes it is bland) is all part of the parody.And it is PACKED full of political commentary. The giants and the Houyhnhms and all the creatures/peoples he meets are really just sounding boards for Swift's critiques of human pride and self deception etc. The giant king, after hearing Gulliver rave about England, concludes that the English people are 'the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth'. Subtle? From voting to taxes to arithmetic and science, to gaming and alcohol and war and weaponry, to the legal system and the plight of the poor amidst the excessive expenditure and corruption of the upper classes. Phew. He covers it all.So it's not really the easiest read. There's no story to get hooked in--it's like reading a series of letters or essays--and there is NO dialogue in the whole book. But it's clever, just because Jonathan Swift is clever. And the dry wit is amusing. It is also a forerunner in the genre of sci-fi/fantasy. So, I'd say 3.5 stars, maybe 4. If you like satire and are interested in English history and politics through literature, you'd like it. But better yet read A Modest Proposal--it's funnier and a lot shorter.

  • Aubrey
    2019-04-02 16:47

    I was in error in giving this two stars back when I read this in high school, but not by much. Back then I was bored out of my gourd, here and now I'm done with "I will instinctively know the truth due to my super white able male powers." Regardless of whether 'tis beneficial to give Swift the full benefit of the fictional doubt as is popular in circles of academic aspiration, ugh.This is the perfect definition of a "classic": male, European, old, punches down on everything in the names of "satire" and "truth" at the expense of ideological stratification, and has enough political statistics melded with workable reality to make an engaging narrative out of a list of opinions. I'm not going to muddle myself with the whole "separation of author and story" rigmarole and indict Swift with anything, but the fictional Gulliver is fair game. His whole "If anyone is offended at my truth they are wrong because look how prettily I write," at the end of it is begging for a "lol nice try."I will admit that Gulliver develops some nice sentiments at the behest of his multiple hosts. He frowns on colonialism, indicts manipulation of the legal system in the interests of financial engorgement, and views war as an inexcusable horror conducted for the most insipid of reasons. The problem is his whole issue with thinking in general, or leastwise with thinking that he is unable to instantly understand and appreciate for the full measure of its worth, ironic when considering his upholding of Socrates. His is a very "throw the baby out with the bathwater" approach, albeit with some inconsistencies that make his position a typical one in regards to goodwill towards humanity: so long as humanity fits in its proper places of my complex determination without complaint, all's well that ends well. This makes the call for equal education of women alongside a general disparagement of their "typical" (hint: patriarchally indoctrinated) qualities, in addition to a holistic condemnation of humanity as modeled on those with non-European features and especial disparagement of redheads, of little paradigmal worth.Outside of that, I learned a great deal about Swift's time in terms of England's social, political, economic, religious, and international relations in regards to various other countries. I also understand why the first bits of being Gulliver being tied to the ground are the most popular, for here is where Gulliver sticks to what he knows without aspiring to a hierarchical strata of human relations that smacks of the "Jewish Question" more than anything else (which officially started around 24 years after this publication, rather than my previous assumption of 200. The more you know). In light of that, Gulliver (Swift if you're not squeamish) to me is much like how Tolkien is: knowledgeable in the things knowledge is usually defined by, xenophobic as shown by their respective Houyhnhnms and Elves, and as feudalistic as is permissible by polite society and his own personal characteristics. Tolkien, however, surpasses Swift (I give up) in both quality of story and treatment of women, so while I'm fairly certain a conversation with the former would be a chilly one on account of ideological difference, the latter would probably throw a hissy fit if I made an attempt to disagree.The best thing I got out of this reread was the discovery of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, whose critically brilliant response to Swift's misogyny was published anonymously and genius socioeconomic indictment entitled "Epistle from Mrs. Yonge to Her Husband" had to wait nearly 250 years until publication. I'm all for truth and goodwill towards humanity, but paying attention to who is writing, whom is being passed over, and other such demographical matters that go into the determination of "truth" and "goodwill" is essential if one wants to say anything at all. Forbearing ownership of a fundamental and unchanging "truthdar" is also a good way to go.

  • James
    2019-04-25 11:45

    A very frustrating book, in parts brilliant, in others annoyingly tedious and just boring. Overall and having said that I did like it and am glad that I persevered.The hardest work and most boring were the passages concerning voyages to: Lilliput and Brobdingnag - once the novelty and dilemmas of being tiny in a world of 'giants' and vice versa had been established, there were what seemed like endless passages concerning how small things were or how big things were at the respective destinations - unfortunately this became somewhat tedious and repetitive in the extreme.However - I am extremely glad that I persevered as the voyages to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib and Japan were in the main fascinating and as prototype political satire, effective and hugely influential.Having seen various film adaptations - I never knew that the story extended beyond Lilliput and Brobdingnag, so the book / story was somewhat of a revelation.My advice to anyone tempted not to bother is to persevere beyond the tedium of the first 20% ish of the book as what follows will definitely be worth the effort.

  • Czarny Pies
    2019-04-15 16:34

    Every time one reads Gulliver's Travels one learns something new. I have read it four times and have barely scratched the surface. The first two sections on the land of the little people and of the giants get the most attention from moviemakers because of their fairy tale qualities and the satire that is pertinent in any age. However, as my professor in first year English said, the important thing is to devote equally energy and attention to the last two sections of the book which are as strong as the first two.Swift is the greatest satirist in English literature, possibly in world literature. He attacks the arbitrary use of power, gratuitous cruelty, dogmatism, selfishness, the instinctive recourse of our states to go to war, and blind faith in science. He criticizes humans for being unable to see the truth behind the statements of it leaders, to understand the strengths of our language and the tendency of humans to project virtues on people and things that they do not possess. This is all too much for one reading. I advise reading Gulliver's Travels once every ten years.Avoid movie versions like the plague. Films require drama and structure. Gulliver's Travels is a wonderful compendium of arguments and counter-arguments.

  • Sandra
    2019-03-25 13:50

    "L'orgoglio, l'immancabile vizio degli stupidi"Nell’immaginario dei lettori –e anche non- di questo romanzo c'è l’immagine di Gulliver disteso sulla spiaggia di Lilliput, con tanti omuncoli che gli camminano addosso, la medesima immagine che vedo ora ritratta nella copertina. E’ un’immagine parziale e limitata di questo capolavoro di Swift, perché, a mio parere, il viaggio di Gulliver a Lilliput, che è il primo dei quattro raccontati nel romanzo, è forse il meno interessante dal punto di vista del valore letterario dell’opera. Di sicuro è il racconto più fantastico e divertente, insieme con quello del viaggio immediatamente successivo, nel rovesciato regno di Brobdingnag, dove gli abitanti sono alti come torri e Gulliver è più piccolo del nano di corte della Regina. La loro lettura, accompagnata dalle vivide immagini davanti agli occhi delle disavventure del povero Gulliver, che, tra le altre, finisce per i tre quarti del corpo dentro l’ossobuco avidamente spolpato dalla regina di Brobdingnag, mi ha divertito e stimolato la fantasia. Negli ultimi due viaggi narrati nel libro, il tono cambia e predomina una sarcastica critica ai costumi e alle idee delle società cosiddette civili, dove regnano la superbia intellettuale e i sofismi machiavellici. E così nel regno di Lagado -in cui le uniche scienze studiate sono la matematica e la musica ma i cui abitanti creano solo sgorbi, case storte e vestiti sbilenchi-, si legge una feroce critica al razionalismo cartesiano, che considera la matematica il solo modello metodologico di tutto il sapere (non c’è spazio per la fantasia e l’invenzione). Mentre gli Houyhnhnm, animali simili ai cavalli, il cui paese è la meta dell’ultimo viaggio di Gulliver, governano e tengono come schiavi altre bestie, gli yahoo, del tutto simili agli uomini, e vivono secondo una concezione filosofica assimilabile all’illuminismo naturalistico, nel perfetto binomio Natura- Ragione che li rende razionali e immuni dai vizi umani quali la menzogna, la dissimulazione e tutto ciò che porta alla dubitazione intellettuale. Nonostante il tono di ammirazione per quest’ultimo popolo, la cui vita sembra perfetta, emergono critiche anche a questo sistema di pensiero, che non conosce dubbi ma solo certezze conoscitive, “giacchè la Ragione ci insegna ad asserire o negare soltanto le cose di cui siamo certi; e al di là del nostro sapere, né l’una né l’altra cosa è possibile..” Gulliver (cioè Swift), sempre straniero tra i suoi simili, dopo averci guidato in allegorici viaggi attraverso utopistici paesi con la finalità di mettere alla berlina i costumi dei contemporanei, giunge a una conclusione amarissima, una condanna senza appello, seppur con il sorriso sulle labbra, del genere umano che abusa della Ragione per svilirla in vizi e difetti che lo rendono avido e insensibile:”la mia riconciliazione con la specie degli yahoo in generale non sarebbe forse così difficile, se essi si accontentassero dei vizi e follie cui Natura li ha destinati…ma quando vedo un cumulo di deformità e malattie, così fisiche come spirituali, gonfiarsi di orgoglio, allora immediatamente crollano tutti i limiti della mia sopportazione”. Un insegnamento di valore universale, lasciatoci da un grande scrittore che è considerato un precursore dell’Illuminismo, ma anche capace di coglierne in anticipo gli aspetti negativi.

  • David Sarkies
    2019-04-18 13:35

    Biting political satire9 September 2015 I'm sure many of us are familiar with the tale of the sailor from England who after a shipwreck finds himself bound to the beach on an unknown island surrounded by a race of people who are substantially smaller that him. Some of you are probably even familiar with the not so recent Jack Black film (which I have seen but can't remember much of it beyond Jack Black heading out in a speed boat from Miami and getting caught in a storm). From a very young age I have always seen this story as a children's book, however it wasn't until I reached university that I discovered that it is actually biting political satire. It is interesting how a book is released in one age and people see it for what it is however as time passes the original intention of the book takes a back seat and the story ends up taking an entirely new meaning. Mind you, the children's tales that we tend to be familiar with are quite watered down to the point that the original meaning has been lost (and most of them only tell the story of Lilliput). It was quite coincidental that in Bible study were were looking at the book of Revelation, another text whose meaning has completely changed throughout the ages, and I immediately thought of Gulliver's Travels. What was originally supposed to be a book that was designed to provided comfort to persecuted Christians in Asia-minor has suddenly become, in some circles, a detailed description of the end of the Earth. However, I'm not writing about the book of Revelation, I'm writing about Gulliver's Travels, so I will try to remain focused on the task at hand. The problem with this book is that there is so much in it that simply writing a review on Goodreads likes cannot do it justice, so I have decided that it will go onto my 'read again at sometime and write a detailed blog post' pile (though the only other book currently on that pile is Plato's Symposium). Anyway, what I will attempt to do is look at each of his journeys individually and make some comments therein. Before I do that though I probably should say a couple of things about the book as a whole. Okay, it is not the first travel narrative around (the Odyssey pre-dates it by a long shot, and Robinson Crusoe was also written tad earlier – a book that Swift does draw upon in parts), however it does seem be one of those books that has influenced the science-fiction/fantasy genre since. Here we have a traveller heading off into the unknown and discovering societies that are completely alien to our own. At the time much of the world was still unexplored, so Swift creates these undiscovered societies that exist in the unknown corners (most of them being islands in the uncharted ocean). Parts of it even reminded me of Star Trek, where we have the crew of the Enterprise heading off to alien planets and discovering many and varied civilisations thereupon. Another that I picked up as I was reading some of the commentaries was how it stands apart from Robinson Crusoe. In Dafoe's book we have a story of the individual overcoming his struggles to make a life for himself. However it is suggested that Gulliver is different in that Swift is suggesting that it is not the individual but societies that count. However, as we shall see, none of these societies is worthy to be called some sort of Utopia. Even the Houynhnhnms have a dark side about them. The other thing we see is the slow descent of Gulliver into madness. At first he decides to head off to sea for an adventure, particularly since his business in London failed, however after he returns every time he immediately wants to head off again. In fact it seems as if the time he remains in England becomes ever shorter. When he returns the final time, after being exiled by the Houynhnhms, he becomes a recluse and spends the rest of his life talking to horses. This descent is also mimicked by the way he lands up in each of these lands. The first time it is due to a freak storm, the second time he is abandoned, the third time he is attacked by pirates, and the forth time his crew mutinies (which is probably not surprising since the crew that he ended up collecting were probably the last people you would want as the crew of your boat).Lilliput This is the first realm, and the most well known since most of the productions use this section of the book. Lilliput is probably the closest realm to that of England, and in fact each of the characters represent one of the major figures in English political life at the time. They even have the land of Blefuscu, which is a representation of France. In a way the realm, and in particular the politics, of Lilliput is nothing short of farcical. Swift does not hold back in his criticism of the landscape in which he lives. In a way it is no difference than the world we live in today, and many of us have little respect for our politicians, seeing them as nothing more than a bunch of corrupt clowns. The people of Lilliput and Blefuscu are at war, and the reason behind the war is one of the most absurd reasons around – they both hold different interpretations of a holy book. While we might laugh at the fact that the Lilliputians and the Belfuscians fight over how an egg should be opened, this is sadly what we see with religion today. Everybody has their own interpretation, and sadly there are people who are willing to go to war with each other over their interpretation. The problem with religion is that followers generally resort to a higher power to support their beliefs, and because it is such a fundamental part of their lives, to challenge such a deeply held belief can cause some quite adverse reactions. It is sort of like confronting somebody on meth – the drug causes them to create this reality that is not necessarily true, and when that reality is challenged, the result can be incredibly violent. Sometimes I wander whether many Christians, especially the violent ones, remember Jesus' saying about turning the other cheek. Swift also seems to have a problem with imperialism. When the Belfuscians launch an invasion of Lilliput, Gulliver heads out, grabs all of their boats, and brings then to shore, effectively castrating them in one swoop. Upon seeing victory, the Emperor of Lilliput immediately wants to subjugate the Belfuscians, however Gulliver steps in and forbids it. Sure, he may have saved the Lilliputians, however occupying their land is not going to solve any of their problems – it's only going to make it worse. As such the emperor is not happy and finds Gulliver guilty of treason – it seems that kings and emperors are just as blind when it comes to war and politics.Brobdingnag One of the things that you will notice about Gullivers travels is that it is a story of contrasts – in fact it is a story of opposites. In Lilliput Gulliver is the big man around town. His towering presence dominates the scene - to the point where he is recruited as a weapon of war. Further, he is uncontrollable by the Lilliputians. The opposite is the case when it comes of Brobdingnag. Here he is tiny. In fact the entire situation has been reversed to where he is the size that the Lilliputians were to him. Also the political situation differs as well – in Brobdingnag there is no political maneuvering, and in fact the king and queen are seen as innocent rulers (innocent in that they have no understanding of the political world – and neither do their subjects). Being tiny Gulliver is an object of curiosity, and in fact he spends time as being little more than a carnival attraction. The roles have been completely reversed. In Lilliput he was the big man, and even though he couldn't necessarily change the ideas of the Lilliputians, he did have an influence. Now this has all been taken away from him and in effect he is powerless. Sure, he does tell the queen about his homeland, however this is more quaint curiosity than anything else. Furthermore he is at the mercy of the elements, as is seen when he is attacked by a giant rat, and his food is covered with insect slime. Beauty is another thing that is challenged in this section. This is shown in the scene where he sees the two naked women. While those of us who are normal size may be enticed by such an encounter, to somebody of Gulliver's size all he can see are the blemishes. In fact they are so noticeable he is left horrified. The section also works to humble Gulliver, since after visiting the Lilliputians he has trouble adjusting back in England to the fact that he is the same size as everybody else, where as this idea of being the big man is suddenly taken away from him. In a way he goes from being the big fish in the little pond to the little fish in the big pond.Laputa Here we come to see Swift's dislike of the modern scientific community. Laputa is a flying city that dominates its regions by flying over and dropping rocks upon them. It seems that two centuries before the Wright Brothers took to the sky Gulliver was speculating on the power of air superiority. Granted, air superiority isn't all that it is made out to be (the Americans seem to be having a lot of trouble bombing ISIS out of existence, and despite having complete control of the air, Hitler was not able to capture Stalingrad), but here Swift is giving a demonstration of its possibilities. However, it is not the air superiority that he is exploring, but how he views the ridiculousness of scientific enquiry. This is brought out clearly with the guy who has been charged with extracting sunlight from cucumber and the amount of time it would take to actually get any benefit out of it. It sort of reminded me of my method of turning lead into gold through the use of a nuclear reactor. Swift really didn't like the scientific movement, one that was taking England by storm at the time. These days he would probably fall into the category of the Creation Scientist, the one who is mocked at by the scientific community for their dogmatic belief that humanity was created from clay (though I could argue that that is what evolution is suggesting anyway: it is only giving us a process of how it could have come about). However, scientific research was limited to the upper classes, while many of the middle of lower classes were still satisfied with the explanations given to them by the church. The thing with the Laputians is that they consider themselves to be wise but through their actions they show themselves to be foolish. In fact as he wanders through their university he cannot help but see some of the stupid experiments that are going on, such as the attempt to mix paints simply through the use of smell (the people doing the research were blind). Mind you, back in those days the scientific movement had come out of what had originally been considered magic – Isaac Newton had a fascination with Alchemy. My belief is that because there was a perception that the scientific movement would challenge the authenticity of the Bible (or one group's interpretation of the Bible) they felt that they needed to relegate it to the realm of the dark arts.The land of the Houyhnhnms While we had a bunch of idiots running around in Laputa, in this place we have a form of idyllic utopia. The Houyhnhnms are actually evolved horses who live in what is effectively an idyllic society. They are wise in their own ways in that they are peaceful and have no understanding of war. One section of this part, were Gulliver is telling them about war, reminded me of a number of other stories where a visitor from an alien planet comes to Earth and is appalled at the fact that we insist on running around and killing each other. However, the Houyhnhnms are not a perfect race since they subjugate the humans of the region, whom they refer to as yahoos. In fact this is where the term entered the English language (these these days when we hear about Yahoos we automatically think of that internet company have ended up becoming second best to Google). The Yahoos are an uncivilised and barbaric lot, and in a way it seems that the Houyhnhnms want to keep them that way because as long as they remain uneducated they don't pose all that much of a threat. Gulliver seems to find himself at home here because these creatures live out what was speculated as far back as Plato. We have a communal society that lives at peace, and it is that community that gives them strength. However they are an incredibly racist lot because despite Gulliver being enthralled by their way of life, to them he is nothing more than a sophisticated Yahoo.

  • Madeline
    2019-03-28 13:29

    My class read this right after finishing Robinson Crusoe, which, I think, was a perfect decision on my professor's part. In addition to making bold statements about colonialism and slavery, satirizing the hell out of European government and rulers and scientists and just about everything else, Swift is using Gulliver's Travels to write the longest, best parody of Robinson Crusoe ever. He takes Defoe's long-winded, preachy, boring survival story with racist and imperialist overtones, and turned it into a fun adventure story that never misses an opportunity to mock the exploration-story genre or break out some inappropriate jokes (don't worry, I'll get to those.)The book is divided into four parts, each describing Gulliver's adventures in a different undiscovered part of the world. Part I is Lilliput, which everyone knows about already; Part II is Brobdingnag, where everyone is much bigger than Gulliver (in contrast to Lilliput); Part III is Laputa and some other stuff (it's the worst of the bunch, and reads like it was dashed off at the last minute and shoved in to round out the page count); and Part IV was my favorite, mostly because Gulliver goes to an island inhabited by super-intelligent horses. (10-year-old Madeline: Squeeeee! Talking horses!) It's all funny and exciting (except for previously-mentioned Part III, which is a total slog), but it does have some boring parts. For instance, every time Gulliver is on a ship he has to tell us the exact details of the voyage and dump a bunch of nautical terms on us, and he likes describing things in step-by-step detail. But that's the great thing: by doing this, he's satirizing Daniel Defoe and his boring book about some jackass getting stranded on an island. There are tons of digs at Robinson Crusoe, and my favorite has to be when Gulliver is describing one of his meals on an island and then says, "This is enough to say upon the subject of my diet, wherewith other travellers fill their books, as if the readers were personally concerned whether we fared well or ill." Cue everyone who had to sit through pages of Crusoe's food descriptions breathing a huge sigh of relief. As I mentioned, Swift is also having fun sticking in some dirty jokes. Right off the bat, when Gulliver is describing his life pre-voyage, he mentions being apprenticed to a man named Bates. We think it's a pointless detail, but then Gulliver refers to him, just once, as Master Bates. My professor assured us that this was very intentional. The best one was on Lilliput, when the king asked Gulliver to stand with his legs apart so the Lillputian army could ride underneath him like a bridge: "His Majesty gave orders, upon pain of death, that every soldier in his march should observe the strictest decency with regard to my person; which, however, could not prevent some of the younger officers from turning up their eyes as they passed under me. And, to confess the truth, my breeches were at that time in so ill a condition, that they afforded some opportunities for laughter and admiration."There you have it, folks. This may be the only book on the list of 1001 Books You Must Read Before You Die that features the narrator pausing to inform us how absolutely colossal his penis is. Read for: Colonial Imagination

  • Ian
    2019-04-07 17:28

    Swift's Satirical FantasiesThis was another re-read of a novel that I had read as a child and that had left me with very vivid memories.For the most part, I enjoyed it just as much as I did then. Unlike "Tristram Shandy", it wasn't really a precocious work of Post-Modernism. It was more a collection of satirical fantasies, albeit reliant on a realistic narrative style. Still, it packs a punch I don't recall from my first reading.Tales of a Traveller Returned WantingThe novel purports to be a travelogue that documents Gulliver's travels into several remote but imaginary nations of the world, including Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Laputa, Glubbdubdrib, and the land inhabited by the Houyhnhnms and the Yahoos.It would be enough to constitute a novel that these worlds be imaginary. However, what is most subtle and rewarding about a re-read as an adult is the opportunity to observe Doctor Lemuel Gulliver change over the course of the four discrete voyages. There is a clear character development, some would say for the worse, although that could be debatable.Most of us who have travelled realise that we learn about the world more effectively by travelling. However, not only do we learn much from or about our destinations, we learn something about ourselves by effectively being placed in the position of a fish out of water.Swift's novel highlights the obvious fact that we can also return to our own country with a changed frame of mind, that sometimes might find our country or our circumstances wanting. For this very reason, I've always sworn never to make a major personal or career decision within two months of returning from a holiday.Contrast and ComparisonSwift's modus operandi is to describe the world Gulliver experiences in terms of relativities:"Undoubtedly, philosophers are in the right, when they tell us that nothing is great or little otherwise than by comparison."He lures us into this perspective by starting with Lilliput and Brobdingnag. The inhabitants of the former are one-twelfth of Gulliver's size, while those of the latter are 12 times his height. Much of the narrative concerns the logical consequences of their relative physiques. In one world, Gulliver is the source of wonder; in the other, he finds wonder everywhere.The Lilliputians calculate that every meal Gulliver must eat and drink as much as 1,724 of them. He soon becomes a liability. A Brobdingagian puts him to work as a diminutive freak in a sideshow:"I really began to imagine myself dwindled many degrees below my actual size."He finds that his littleness has started to expose him to "ridiculous and troublesome accidents," like hungry pets and wild birds. More lewdly, some of the women of the court would strip him naked and lay him "at full length in their bosoms" or get him to sit on their nipples!The king, "a prince of excellent learning", asks Gulliver about the English parliamentary system, after which the king opines:"I cannot but conclude the bulk of your natives to be the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth."A Most Irreverent ReverendUp to this point, Swift gives an irreverent account of politicians that we can all relate to. The king's judgement is all the more tolerable, because it doesn't purport to come from the author or his narrator.In the third part, the Laputians, who live on a floating or flying island, are subjected to similar criticism, though we identify with Gulliver. On Glubbdubdrib, he encounters sorcerers and magicians, who conjure up philosophers and rulers from the past for him to question. He is disappointed to learn of the "true springs and motives of great enterprises and revolutions", and emerges with a lower opinion of historical wisdom and integrity.Pretending to ReasonIn the final part, we meet the noble horse-like Houyhnhnms and the "filthy...odious" humanoid Yahoos.The former are unfamiliar with lying and false representation. They detest falsehood and disguise. It's interesting that, given the co-existence of two species in this land, Swift primarily contrasts the culture and politics of the Houyhnhnms with the English rather than the Yahoos. In fact, the Yahoos come off pretty lightly compared with the English, the reason being that the English "pretend to reason". Swift criticises the English for the enormity, brutality and barbarity of their crimes and vices.Swift is particularly critical of lawyers (who manipulate words and truth in the corrupt pursuit of personal wealth), politicians (who progress by way of insolence, lying and bribery) and colonialism, the latter motivated by "the luxury and intemperance of the males and the vanity of the females".Gulliver's master infers he must be noble to be so virtuous, yet Gulliver explains that the quality of his education was responsible.This resonates with the Houhynhnms who believe that reason alone should be sufficient to govern a rational person. It is the foundation of decency and civility.The Return of a MisanthropeIn contrast, Gulliver regards the Yahoos as unteachable; they are cunning, malicious, treacherous and resentful. Gulliver realises that humans are most like the Yahoos. He even learns that he is sexually attractive to the Yahoo women.Before his return, Gulliver starts to feel ashamed of his family, his friends, his countrymen and the human race as a whole. When he arrives home and is greeted by the joy of his wife and children, he feels the utmost shame, confusion and horror.It's clear Gulliver/Swift felt that eighteenth century English society left a lot to be desired, that it needed to lift its game and that it was hypocritical in promoting and enforcing its values in its colonies, which he considered were "no means proper objects of our zeal, our valour, or our interest."Gulliver/Swift asserts that he writes "for the noblest end, to inform and instruct mankind".For all of the wit and style and wisdom of the novel, it's confronting to experience how close it gets to straight out misanthropy, possibly because of Gulliver's sense of repulsion by his own family.At the same time that you experience the shock of recognition, you have to ask whether the tone of the satire hasn't become too harsh and unforgiving. You have to wonder about Swift's judgement and his capacity for mercy, but then perhaps his novel might not have been as effective or enduring if it had been sanitised.Though, to be honest, I still haven't quite recovered.SOUNDTRACK:Blancmange - "Living on the Ceiling" - "Loure der gesitteten Houyhnhnms & Furie der unartigen Yahoos" Dragonette - "Faithful Forever" [1939 Soundtrack] - "It's a Hap-Hap-Happy Day" [1939 Soundtrack] - "All's Well" [1939 Soundtrack] Smarts: "Gulliver's Travels"

  • Guido
    2019-04-11 13:31

    Quanta amarezza in questo libro. La sua ferocia fa paura; non sorprende che sia stato svuotato e smembrato fino a trasformarlo in una narrazione informe da proporre come "libro per bambini". Quella versione ha il suo fascino avventuroso, ma questo romanzo è stato concepito dall'autore come una severa critica all'umanità cosiddetta civilizzata, e proprio i bambini sembrano essere gli unici ai quali questo rimprovero non è rivolto. Mi piace ricordare il mio primo contatto con Gulliver: avevo circa nove anni, leggevo con piacere romanzi d'avventura e mia madre mi comprò una sontuosa edizione illustrata di questo libro, lamentandosi poi per mesi perché, per qualche motivo, lo evitavo e preferivo leggerne altri. (Ho provato a chiedere, per verificare l'affidabilità della mia memoria: ricorda benissimo l'affronto. :P) Quando finalmente lo lessi ne fui estasiato: era un libro di avventure diverso, sorprendente, e nel tempo sono rimasto affezionato a Swift, scoprendo più tardi le sue qualità di autore satirico.Quello è l'effetto che la versione così brutalmente mutilata può fare su un bambino. Gli adulti, però, devono sapere che il vero Gulliver è tutta un'altra cosa. Swift sembra essere mosso, nella sua critica, soprattutto da ragioni politiche, e in particolare dalle delusioni che lo portarono ad essere emarginato dalla politica londinese del tempo, visto con sospetto da entrambi i partiti nei quali aveva militato. Un partito politico di qualsiasi epoca non può che temere una mente così critica e pronta alla satira: sembra esserci in Swift un'ispirazione quasi anarchica, anche se espressa in termini democratici, e alcune sue idee appaiono stranamente moderate, come se si fosse limitato per evitare la censura, o guai peggiori nel caso venisse scoperto (la prima edizione del libro, come altri di Swift, fu infatti pubblicata anonima). La stessa impressione si ha leggendo le sue idee in materia di religione: lui, ecclesiastico per necessità più che per vocazione, sembra sapere perfettamente di essere responsabile di più di un'eresia.Nessuno dei suoi contemporanei si salva; neppure la regina, ridicolizzata in una scena che lascia ben poco all'immaginazione e che rende evidente il motivo dei tagli nella versione per bambini. La nobiltà e la classe dirigente inglesi vengono duramente criticate: Swift trova nell'ordinamento sociale dei paesi europei del tempo qualcosa di profondamente disumano, una società fondata sulla corruzione e sui privilegi di pochi cosiddetti nobili. Il sistema parlamentare, in particolare, gli sembra particolarmente corrotto; il libro raccoglie numerosi brevi "trattati" politici cammuffati da chiacchierate tra Gulliver e i monarchi delle isole che visita durante i suoi viaggi. Molte delle sue critiche si potrebbero applicare anche all'Europa moderna, ma credo sia bene essere onesti in questo: Swift scriveva del suo tempo ed è meglio non abusare della sua onestà.La sua critica è resa particolarmente tagliente dalla satira: dai piccoli lillipuziani i cui ministri, per dimostrare di meritare la propria posizione, devono esibirsi in esercizi circensi sulla corda davanti al re (:D); agli scienziati-filosofi abitanti dell'isola volante di Laputa (...), i quali impiegano ore per prendere qualsiasi decisione, e le cui astrazioni li portano talmente lontano dalla realtà da aver bisogno di servitori per ricordar loro di parlare o di ascoltare i loro interlocutori; fino ai cavalli (Houyhnhnm) dell'ultima isola, la cui intelligenza produce in Gulliver una forte avversione per il genere umano. Swift sembra sentire la necessità di una specie diversa, contesta la presunta superiorità del genere umano, e (dal punto di vista culturale) delle ricche nazioni europee, la cui civiltà viene spesso duramente criticata. La sua abilità rende difficile capire quali affermazioni di Gulliver sul governo inglese siano frutto del suo fantastico sarcasmo e quali invece corrispondano al pensiero dell'autore.Tra le ossessioni di Swift sembra esserci una forte avversione al progresso scientifico. In realtà, secondo me, la sua critica è rivolta all'applicazione delle discipline scientifiche in ambito sociale, e questa è almeno in parte condivisibile: decidere del destino dei propri sudditi secondo calcoli, misure, formule matematiche certamente non rende quei sovrani più giusti. Swift è un pensatore indipendente; il suo isolamento è responsabile di molti pregi e difetti del suo pensiero, ed è proprio questa la sua forza: più di tanti altri ha saputo vedere ben oltre la sua epoca, e sono molto contento di aver potuto rileggere questo libro. Quando si può essere d'accordo con le sue idee (un po' noiose in alcuni capitoli "politici", a dire la verità) si è felici di leggerlo; e quando invece ci si trova in disaccordo - be', il libro è talmente pieno di avventure folli e sorprendenti che almeno ci si diverte, tornando un po' bambini. Un libro molto malinconico, dominato da una rassegnazione che è, insieme, rimpianto e voglia di indipendenza.