Read Jewish Meditation: A Practical Guide by Aryeh Kaplan Online


Students of meditation are usually surprised to discover that a Jewish meditation tradition exists, and that it was an authentic and integral part of mainstream Judaism until the eighteenth century. Jewish Meditation is a step-by-step introduction to meditation and the Jewish practice of meditation in particular. This practical guide covers such topics as mantra meditationStudents of meditation are usually surprised to discover that a Jewish meditation tradition exists, and that it was an authentic and integral part of mainstream Judaism until the eighteenth century. Jewish Meditation is a step-by-step introduction to meditation and the Jewish practice of meditation in particular. This practical guide covers such topics as mantra meditation, contemplation, and visualization within a Jewish context. It shows us how to use meditative techniques to enhance prayer using the traditional liturgy—the Amidah and the Shema. Through simple exercises and clear explanations of theory, Rabbi Kaplan gives us the tools to develop our spiritual potential through an authentically Jewish meditative practice....

Title : Jewish Meditation: A Practical Guide
Author :
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ISBN : 9780805210378
Format Type : Paperback
Number of Pages : 176 Pages
Status : Available For Download
Last checked : 21 Minutes ago!

Jewish Meditation: A Practical Guide Reviews

  • Steve Cran
    2018-12-10 10:35

    Write a review...For such a thin book Rabbi Kaplan's book packs a wallup of information. The book discusses various meditation techniques as can be culled from ancient Jewish sources. Rabbi Kaplan discusses basic techniquwes as can be found in other forms of meditation. Such techniques as mantras, visualizing, and contemoplating. One can also use the words of the prayers as mantras or contenplation. Mundane activities with the proper frame of mind can be turned into acts of meditation that put a person into a higher state of consiousness. Excellent book for those into practicing meditation.By and large many people think of far eastern religions when the word meditation is brought up. Both Jew and non-Jew alike seem oblivious to the fact that there is a form of Jewish meditation out there. Jews like other people are spiritually hungry and end up looking to these far eastern religions to satisfy their appetite. It takes a lot of work to ferret out the Mediation techniques from Judaism. Jewish Mystics have a history of interacting with Sufi mystics and exchanging ideas. To lose such a connection would be a shame.What exactly is meditation? Quite simply it means to control your mind. Have you ever tried to stop thinking? Bet you were not quite successful? Better yet try thinking about only one thing. You most likely thought about a whole lot of other things besides the one thing. It is very hard to control your mind.If you close your eyes you will be bombarded with a barrage of fleeting images. To pay them attention and decipher them would be called “Free Association” This Free Association is one way of reading your subconscious mind. The mind can be divided into two parts. These two parts are the conscious and the subconscious mind. You can control the conscious mind but not your subconscious mind. Your subconscious mind is what control your thoughts. So to control your thoughts you must control your subconscious mind.Breathing is controlled by your subconscious mind it is voluntary. Hence many meditation method have you control your breathing as a first step to controlling your subconscious mind. Two more related techniques are discussed on is called “imaging”. Imaging occurs when you imagine let us say the letter “A” in your mind. The second technique is “Etching” this might be when you permanently engrave the letter A into your mind.Why?......The big question what is the benefit of doing meditation? Throughout our lives we have not grown much in terms of thinking. In fact most of us were taught to think at the age of six and not much has really changed since then. Meditation means we take control of our thought and of our mind. At 6 years old we did not learn how to control or harness the power of our mind. This is a quantum leap. The Torah says that our thinking before we practice spirituality is that of a child while the thinking that we practice after spirituality training is considered adult thinking.Consider looking at a rose. Is our perception pure? Actually it is not . Even with our eyes open in a well lit room there are images floating right in front of us being generated by our subconscious mind. It interferes with our perception. Some one who practices meditation could learn to quiet the other parts of the brain down. While this does not harness the full power of the mind is does reduce the interference. Considerably close to fine tuning a radio. Clearer sound but not any louder.Our senses often interfere with each other. Ever try reading Braille? Even someone trained has a hard time doing it unless they close their eyes. Why? Because their vision interferes with their tactile sensations. Blind people also use their cane to navigate. This works because the sounds produced by the cane echo off the walls. This alerts the blind person if he is about to bump into something.Tibetan healers can feel a person’s pulse and determine what is ailing the person. It takes many years to learn how to do this. The healer actually closes his eyes and enters a state of deep concentration as he feels his patient’s pulse. This closing of the eyes blocks all the distraction cause by our eyes.Stimuli is constantly coming our way but our mind makes so much static that we do not even perceive it. Spiritual people, prophets were able to quiet their mind down. In this way way they could practice telepathy, Extra Sensory Perception and predictions.The last chapter we explored the benefits of meditation. This time let us discuss what mediation should look like. Mediation like prayer is practiced in various different religions and cultures and all forms of mediation like prayer share several salient points in common.When examining prayer one find three basic components. The first component is praise, next is petitioning and finally thanksgiving. Praise is when we extol the attribute of Hashem or any other Deity we chose to pray to. Thanksgiving is when we thank Hashem or any other Deity we are praying for doing something for us. The second aspect is petitioning. Petitioning is when we ask the creator for something, be it health, money or what ever.One easy example of meditation would be to think about rearranging the furniture in your mind. The object would be to stay focused. If thought enter then you gently push them out or get your mind back on the subject. One can take things a step further and think about how they would rearrange their life. This would be an unstructured form of meditation that is internally driven. One can verbalize their thoughts and talk out loud to Hashem or their patron deity. This is still unstructured ad through such mediation which if one find productive can become a set pattern on a daily or weekly basis such meditation could help one realize that G-d is both within and at the same time way out there.Such verbal meditation is called, by Rebbe Nachman, hisbodedus. One can turn this unstructured meditation into a structured meditation by adding an agenda of what they would like to discuss. In Tzaphat the mystical cabbalists would pick a verse out of the torah and meditate on it for insights. This was called Gerusin. They could repeat the verse over and over again like a mantra. Rebbe Nachman used to repeat master of the universe like a mantra.This verse could also be gazed upon and looked at. This would be called contemplation. Just staring at it and absorbing it’s meaning. This contemplation could also be applied to looking at a flame or a Hebrew letter.The common elements of meditation are contemplation, mantra, structured and unstructured thinking and internally and externally directed meditation.States of consciousness are always difficult to describe because they are internal event that are subjective hence there is no common vocabulary to describe what I am experiencing in my head. I may even perceive a brand new color yet be totally unable to describe. The situation is different if we both observe a rose because we are seeing the same thing we would be able to describe it using the appropriate vocabulary.There are two states of consciousness that we are most familiar with and they are waking state and our sleeping state. Within our waking state we can find that at times we can be very drowsy and at the other end of the scale we are extremely alert. Between these two extremes scientists have noted a different wavelength and pattern in our brainwaves.Likewise when we are asleep there are two different states of consciousness. The two states are called “Dream State” or REM sleep and there is Non Rem or non dream state.During our waking state even without actively meditation we can become so engrossed in a problem that we work for our without end trying to solves. This is what we would called “Locked on” or “Hot Mode” Sometimes I call it the problem solving mode. The “Cool Mode” is when you relax in the bath tube and your mind just drifts lazily over to the problem and somehow you are able to solve the problem.Memory is also something you can control the author while in Jewish seminary challenged himself memorize several pages of Talmud. The first page was real difficult but as he memorized more and more it got easier. Our memory has a barrier that blocks extraneous memories after all the brain could not withstand the information over load.There are some exercises you can do for starter. Sit comfortable for 20-30 minutes close your eyes and let the static coalesce into images. Try holding on to those images for as long as possible. The next exercise is say a mantra over and over again and allow an image to form in your mind. Focus on it for as long as possible.Jewish Meditation as we have seen shares many salient points with other forms of meditation save for the end result or outcome. Many of the techniques are the same. The bible, Talmud and Kabala all have meditation techniques contained there in. These days it can be a work of Linguistic Archaeology to ferret them out. The Jewish nation has been a nation that practiced meditation as part of their practice quite consistently up until 150 years ago.The enlightenment or Haskalla encouraged intellectual pursuits and frowned on anything mystical. Anything mystical was derided as superstitious. This infected the Torah world as well. Meditation fell out of practice. In the early days of the Israelite nation meditation was practiced quite regularly.There were schools of prophets ran by master teachers. They taught their students meditative techniques that would help them reach higher states of consciousness. These school were usually headed by the prophets themselves and only extremely dedicated and spiritually advanced students were permitted to join these schools. Many Jews seeking spiritual ecstasy would practice avodah Zarah or idol worship. This was not too big of a problem provided that the Jewish nation was living in their country. Once the Nation of Israel was placed in exile things began to change.The spiritual leadership of the Jewish People could no longer contain the problem of Jews seeking other spiritual path to transcendence, ones that may be easier. Merkavah mysticism was practiced by Ezekial the prophet. He was most likely one of the last ones to openly practice it before the Sanhedrin decided to submerge the teaching and keep it secret. This was done at some risk. None the less certain schools kept it alive.Meditation was further eroded with the coming of Shabbtai Tzvi a false messiah. He used mysticism to promote his own end and challenge the Sultan. He ended up converting to Islam in order to save his skin.In the Kabalistic realm The Sefer Yetzirah was written during the Talmudic times. Abraham Abulafia wrote treatises on meditation. There was also a book on Merkavah meditation. The Rambam himself analyzed meditation as did Gersonides .Yet even within Kabbalsitic realms meditation suffered a setback. The Zohar a long complex kabbalistic work was reduced to an intellectual pursuit. The Chassidic movement while providing a bit of a revival in meditation also caused a set back. Due to it’s ecstatic character and focus on one person the Rebbe the Jewish community as a whole especially the leadership issued bans against the movement.The sages built meditative devices within the Jewish prayers. The Amidah is said three times per day. Some would argue that this is repetive yet it’s purpose is to function like a mantra. A mantra when repeated over and over again produces an altered state of consiousness. Kavannote are also built in they serve as a focus or mental perspective that one is to concentrate on while praying.Kavahna means focus or what you are to direct your mind to. Some mistake the meaning as concentration or emotional content. Actually the term means to direct our mind towards something.Another important term mentioned by Abraham Maimonides is Hitbonenute which literally means self understanding. This self understanding can be achieved by contemplating on an object or and idea. This leads to an increase in ones love for God. An example would be to go out in an open field and contemplate the stars.The last term I wish to discuss is Hitbodetude . This form of meditation was made famous by Rebbe Nachman of Breslov. It literally means isolation. There are two kinds of isolation. External isolation obviously means getting away from everybody. Internal isolation means blocking out all external stimuli and thought.Rabbi Kaplan proceeds to discuss mantras. Matras as you recall are words and phrases that are repeated over and over again. Not only is it a good meditation on it's own but it can also be combined with other forms of meditations. Such would include contemplation and visualizations. Contemplation is when you gaze on an object or a word. Some examples of a good contemplation are a candle and the word yud hey vav heyTHis word is loaed with meaning. Inside it is the secret to charity. It is also the secret to Hashem benifence to the Jewish people and the citizens of his planet. Visualization while being safe is very difficult to perform. Most people can keeop a vision in their mind for maybe a few minutes and then it fades. There are a couple of visualization in that chapter. THe first one being the letter aleph. Picture it as colered black against a white background. If the background is hazy then you can visualise a dot that erases all the background distortion. Another visualiztion is to visualize the seven layers of heaven and imaging your self ascending those layer and coming to a curtaqin with G-d's name on it. Real powerful meditation. Even a candle can be mystical for when one gazes upon it once seeing Black, Red, Yellow and blue. Blue is a spiritual color that open up the gateways to God.THe book explores how mantras were written into the daily prayer. The Amida which said three times daily. One should say the words slowly and concentrate their meaning. The words establish that God is the one who bestows blessing upon us. We must pray at the proper times.THe Shema is another mantra that is used. Said over and over again one thinks about the unification of the nation of Israel and about the unification of God. Further in the prayers there are also contemplations on the redeemer.Hitbodedute is discussed. At times it can be rather difficult to start a conversation with God. One can use a mantra " Master of the Universe" in order to get the ball rolling. One can also discuss with God how difficult it is to get into a conversation with him. Hitbodedut is a great meditation for clarifying your life and getting the house in order but be wary of using it as self therapy. One can get into a cul desac they canot get out of.

  • Jeffrey Cohan
    2018-12-13 04:28

    If you only read one book about Jewish meditation, this should be it. It is safe to say that this is the most authoritative book about Jewish meditation ever written in the English language.How fortunate we are that Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan, one of the most influential Orthodox rabbis of the 20th Century, left us this gift.Today, it is widely believed, even among Jews, that meditation is derivative of Buddhism or Hinduism. While it is certainly true that meditation has roots in those Eastern religions, Kaplan shows that meditation has been a core element of Jewish worship for 2,000 years or more, as well. Jews do not need to stray from their own religion to have an authentic meditative experience. In fact, Kaplan suggests that Jews not only can but should incorporate meditation into their religious practice, particularly into their praying.This book is valuable for beginners who have never practiced meditation, as well as for experienced meditators who want to fuse their practice with Judaism. Kaplan’s descriptions of Jewish meditation yield significant insights into the Amidah, the Shema, and the Tetragrammaton. He has a lot to say about Jewish prayer and spirituality.Kaplan wrote “Jewish Meditation” shortly before he died. Thank G-d he finished it in time.

  • Riobhcah
    2018-11-17 07:17

    It is sad that today you see so many Jewish people searching for spiritual sustenance outside of Judaism. I always wondered why this is and then found this book. I think that the author is absolutely right. There is an ancient tradition of meditation in Judaism which is very helpful to spiritual growth. However, most Jewish people today don't know anything about this whatsoever. The author explains how this happened (the disappearance of meditation from Jewish practice) and how we can reinstitute meditation into our Jewish practices. I wish that every Jewish person searching for spiritual growth outside of our faith would read this book. I know that the practices recommended herein have certainly begun to enrich my practice of the Jewish faith -- especially looking at the Amidah as a meditational practice. I wish that my parents, Rabbi, etc., has taught me about meditation in the Jewish tradition a long time ago, but none of them really knew about it. It is sad that this was lost somewhere along the way and I hope that it is soon widely rediscovered. This is a wonderful book and I got a lot out of it. I would highly recommend reading it.

  • Jeffrey
    2018-11-26 10:19

    This book had little practical advice to offer, unless you consider a kabalistic interpretation of Jewish prayer and liturgy to be practical. One strange affect that was repeated was the warning not to do certain meditations alone - implying that one might not be able to return from the land of nothingness or contact with God. As a physician and a sometime meditator and student of Zen, I have never heard of anyone who failed to come back from meditation. For most of us, the problem is getting there and staying there - wherever. Getting back is easy. Anyway, this book did not help me to see the sources of Jewish meditation historically as I hoped. On to The Way of Solomon and One God Clapping.

  • Elijah
    2018-11-23 11:29

    I love this book. Aryeh Kaplan was a really amazing scholar who talks about how unfortunate it is that so many Jews go outside of Judaism for spiritual practice, like to Buddhism (or in the case of my family, a post 60's gurdjieff cult). But before the Jewish diasopra (late BC - early AD) there were a lot of different kinds of meditative practices and rituals built into Judaism, but according to Kaplan as the diaspora progressed the torah masters predicted that if the meditative practices went out with the Jews who were leaving they would make people more vulnerable to assimilating because the transcendent experiences they had thru the meditations would make them hungry for whatever religion was closest. Anyways, the meditations were written in obscure hebrew on hidden manuscripts and never translated or printed. He went all over and dug them out of old libraries, translated them, and then wrote a series of books. Jewish Meditation is kind of a book for the average Jew who might not speak Hebrew and never knew that there was such a thing as Jewish meditations (other than the Sh'ma or Amidah). There are visualization practices, no-mind study, breathing meditations, slow prayer, emotional meditations, etc. Its an important book for Jews who want to have a complex, visceral spiritual experience and feel disengaged from torah or the practices they know.

  • Leslie
    2018-12-15 09:42

    Without a true Jewish education, I was able to follow Mr Kaplan as he explored the ideas and concepts and practices of meditation through the Jewish Lense. As I continue to explore life's meaning...on day at a time...I am eager to learn and practice ways to enrich my experiences. Looking for a way to connect the yogic philosophy to my heritage, I came away with an enhanced awareness and practical advise.

  • Joshua Sierk
    2018-11-19 03:24

    ONE OF THE MOST INFLUENTIAL BOOKS I'VE EVER READ. changed my life. my prayer life, my thought life, my way of thinking, my attitude, my outlook. KAPLAN is a master of communication & of meditation.this is not just about jewish meditation. it incorporates meditation techniques from all over the world, tracing their this. it will make you think. ;)

  • Christian
    2018-11-28 09:18

    A great introduction to meditation for anyone who isn't afraid of religious overtones, albeit from a strictly jewish orthodox perspective. While it doesn't bother me as much, other might be put off by the more overtly religious later chapters (which makes them generally not less insightfull and interesting). Kaplan gives you no charts with baby-steps, but enough information, to practice several types of meditation. In the end, this stuff is technically rather simple, but it takes a long time of just basically doing nothing, to perfect it.

  • Rudolf Lobo
    2018-11-16 04:41

    Good read

  • Mindseed
    2018-12-05 10:37

    Great for beginning meditations and anyone who aligns with Kabbalah/ judism/ or any practice of spirituality.

  • Rena Del
    2018-11-24 08:17

    interesting history and a helpful guide to meditation in prayer

  • Vicki
    2018-12-02 08:21

    If you are a student of meditation of any faith you want to read this book. If you are Jewish, practicing or not, and want to learn about meditation, you must read this book! Judaism had it all!

  • Jennifer
    2018-11-20 11:23

    The first part of this book gives a brief overview of the role of meditation in Judaism, which is something I knew very little about and found very interesting. The second part goes through and describes different types of medication (mantra, contemplation, visualization), explains how to do them, and gives Jewish variations. The third part goes through different prayers and provides ideas to think about when saying different parts of the services and different words of the prayer. This was my favorite part, especially the section on the Amidah, which has helped my prayer experience become more meaningful. The final section talks about other parts of Jewish life (performing the commandments, relationships with others, ethical behavior) and how those can be thought of as meditative acts. There was just one aspect that detracted from my enjoyment, and that was when the author made claims about the benefits of the meditation, without providing any justification. I wasn't looking for this book to provide a scientific basis for meditating, but I was put off by some of the strong statements that were not supported by any scientific evidence, such as that "experience has shown [meditating] to have significant influence" on a couple's ability to conceive and on the trains of their future children (chapter 17). On the whole, except for this last part, I found this book to be informative and enjoyable to read.

  • Jim George
    2018-11-27 09:40

    This little book is a great introductory primer to the world of meditation. The book begins with some basic concepts and some "How To" stuff, especially suitable for the novice. Then it proceeds to walk you through some more advanced techniques, suitable only to be learned under the tutelage and guidance of a master. The author is writing from a Jew's perspective, so he is pretty thorough while explaining Judaism's approach to meditation. From early Torah readings and teachings, to ideas shared by the "Great Assembly," to the Chassidic movement, to Kabbalah, to Mussar and beyond. Please keep in mind that for 1000s of years mystics, sages, saints, and spiritual types have been striving to "Tune In" to the power and peace found in the presence of the Divine - the Master of the Universe - the Lord. It doesn't matter whether you are Jewish, Christian, or Far Eastern the techniques are all basically the same - you are working towards aligning body, mind and soul. All religions share the same techniques, all contain elements and characteristics associated with prayer. They all use; Mantras, Contemplations, and Visualizations. All lead you down the same path, or should I say up the same path! To become accomplished at meditating, you must choose a meditative style, dedicate abit of time, and persevere. Mmmmmmmmm

  • Gary
    2018-12-04 03:25

    n this work, the late Rabbi Aryeh Kaplan explores the Jewish roots of meditation, as well as a practical on how to meditate according to Jewish tradition.He points out how meditation is an ancient part of Jewish religious tradition, contrary to popular belief. How the synagogue was meant originally to be a meditative experience, and how much of Jewish prayer liturgy is meant to be a meditative type connection with the Creator.He marvels at how so many Jews look outside their Judaism for spiritual enlightenment, while it is all available within their own spiritual tradition.As Kaplan takes us on this journey of exploration he deals with such questions as `What is meditation?', `Why meditate' , the various types of meditation available and how to do them as well as a chapter onMusar, self-perfection, an important school in Jewish thought.He makes an important point that in its deepest states mediation can free us of our own egos and subconscious association with G-D as a mirror image of ourselves , and therefore allow us to really experience G-D.After reading this excellent work, you will never see Judaism, spirituality or meditation in the same way. It also can serve as a simple and helpful aid to begin your own meditation.

  • Chelsea Wegrzyniak
    2018-12-03 09:18

    This book is a great introduction to both Jewish meditation and meditation in general. The first half or so of the book outlines the history of meditation in Judaism and basic meditation techniques. I really enjoyed the latter half of the book, as it explained how meditation can play a part in nearly every aspect of Jewish life. The discussion of the major prayers in Judaism and how to utilize them for meditating and spiritual experiences was particularly useful and emphasizes the importance of daily prayer in Judaism as part of meditation. I also enjoyed the emphasis the book placed on Jewish law and meditation, making the spiritual part of everyday experiences like eating. I borrowed this book from a friend to read it but it is definitely one that would be good to have on hand to go back and read as needed, as it contains plenty of how-tos for meditative experiences.

  • Jennifer Stoy
    2018-11-21 09:30

    I'm not Jewish (my spouse is) but I think meditation is a great practice. So I read this. The first half is actually very relevant to anyone who wants to consider meditation as a spiritual practice, but as it goes along, it gets deeper into Jewish doctrine and schools of thoughts and methods that I think are (not surprisingly, given the book is about Jewish meditation) going to be of more interest to a Jewish person. So I'm not doing a star ranking because I am totally unqualified to do it, but interesting read.

  • Linda Thibodeau
    2018-11-24 07:19

    This is a great book for me in terms of working in my field and helping others adapt fearlessly to the concept of meditation. It's approach is faith based and helps the reader feel more at ease about mediation. Laced throughout the book is the concept of becoming closer and more connected to God. Loved this book.

  • Zoe
    2018-11-20 04:16

    I was really put off by the tone of voice of the author: formal, stiff, patriarchal, distant, admonishing. I think I'll return to this text at some point, as a source material, since I now see that he is of a different time and place from what I anticipated. The next time I pick it up I'll know what to expect and go from there.

  • Michael
    2018-11-21 04:17

    This book was AMAZING! A perfect blend of the practical and the mystical. SO much to contemplate in this little volume. And it is all written VERY accessibly and clearly. A beginner would have no trouble with this.

  • Jacqueline
    2018-11-26 07:14

    This book was a great introduction to the power and importance of meditation. It's interesting how little most people know about how interwoven Judaism is with meditation. This book is detailed and very intriguing.

  • Jeff W
    2018-12-07 03:21

    Aryeh Kaplan is a genius, this book completely changed my inner world. My favorite section of this guide deals with the Shema prayer: sounding out the shin - shhhhhh - is the sound of pure white noise, or chaos. While the mem - mmmmmm - is the sound of a pure sine wave, order.

  • James Culbertson
    2018-12-04 03:27

    After having taken classes in mindfulness meditation at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia, I wanted to connect my meditation practice with my Judaism. Kaplan's book has helped me to begin to bring these two elements in my life together.

  • Mike Meyer
    2018-12-17 10:36

    Great book.This gave me a new perspective of my religion. Some parts were more detailed and drawn out than I needed them to be.I've attempted a few of the meditation techniques from the book. It's better than taking naps.

  • Global
    2018-12-07 11:25

    Excellent book... a great writer for making potential complex subject extremely understandable.It also meshes the history of meditation and along with bibilical principals and just awesome thoughts....Well written and I look forward to reading more from this author...

  • Marc
    2018-12-16 11:18

    A very easy to understand book on how to start meditating, different techniques, and how to use Jewish prayers to focus that meditation into your prayer life. Very useful - I've used many of the techniques myself to great success!

  • beau
    2018-12-11 11:37

    I learned about this book when I was at this crazy Kabballah guy's studio in Tsvat. Its a great introduction into Jewish Meditation. It teaches you practical methods you can try in your normal daily routine and shows how they are related to historical Judaism.

  • Tucker
    2018-12-05 07:38

    Explains types of meditation that are precedented in Jewish religious tradition. One type is "engraving" an image in one's mind, followed by "hewing" all other imagined visual distractions from the negative space surrounding it. Had to pass this one on (as scheduled) before I quite finished it!

  • josh
    2018-11-21 05:33

    Wonderful book. Very easy to read. Explains a lot. Guides you in the meditative practices belonging to ancient Jewish mysticism but, is completley applicable to modern day. Very enlightening. Aryeh Kaplan is a great author.

  • Daniel
    2018-11-16 09:40

    this book is is an easy to understand and readily easy to use practical guide.the instructions are simple and easy to understand.